Laws, Ethics and Globalisation in Fire Safety Services: AReportThe report takes into account the laws regarding fire safety services in United Kingdom and United Arab Emirates’. The UK Fire safety and prevention services are well developed and internationally accepted while those of UAE are developing well. 1. UK fire service laws: The major UK fire safety laws are FSO 2005 and Fire and Rescue service act 2004(http: //www. communities. gov. uk/fire/firesafety/firesafetylaw/), the provisions under these are presented below: The Regulatory Reform (Fire Safety) Order 2005 (FSO) came into effect in October 2006 and replaced over 70 pieces of fire safety law.
The FSO applies to all non-domestic premises in England and Wales, including the common parts of blocks of flats and houses in multiple occupations (HMOs). The law applies to a person if he or she is responsible for business premises: As an employer or is self-employed with business premises Is responsible for a part of a dwelling where that part is solely used for business purposes Has a charity or voluntary organisation Is a contractor with a degree of control over any premises Is providing accommodation for paying guests Under the FSO, the responsible person must carry out a fire safety risk assessment and implement and maintain a fire management plan.
The current target for the fire and rescue service is to reduce the number of accidental fire-related deaths in the home by 20 per cent and the number of deliberate fires by 10 per cent by 2010.Community fire safety and the prevention of fire and incidents through community involvement, education, research and awareness-raising all play vital roles in helping to achieve this target. To make people aware about fire safety campaigns such as Fire kills -safety campaign is run. The Fire and Rescue Services Act 2004The Fire and Rescue Services Act 2004 received Royal Assent in July 2004 and came in to force on 1 October 2004.
The Act replaces the Fire Services Act 1947. It puts the prevention of fires at the heart of legislation by, for example, creating a new duty to promote fire safety and by providing the flexibility for fire and rescue authorities to work with others in the community to carry out this duty. Under the new Act, fire and rescue authorities now have a range of statutory duties to: • promote fire safety; and• to prepare for: fighting fires and protecting people and property from fires; rescuing people from road traffic accidents; anddealing with other specific emergencies, such as flooding or terroristattack, which are set out by Statutory Order and can be amended in line with how the role of the Service may change in the future. In addition, all fire and rescue authorities will be able to do other things torespond to the particular needs of their communities and the risks they face. The Act achieves this through: • ensuring that fire and rescue authorities can do things that are not specifically set out in the Act but which will help them meet their statutory duties; • giving authorities powers to prepare properly for other risks to life and the environment - for example they can buy equipment and train and deploy staff to undertake activities that they judge to pose a risk to life or the environment in their area; and