COMMUNITY SAFETY LAWAssess law in UK and how the law operates internationally as it applies to the fire service. The fire and safety in UK, in England and Wales in particular is first and foremost under the Regulatory Reform (Fire Safety) Order 2005. The RRFSO replaces or amends pieces of fire-related legislations, the most significant being the repeal of the Fire Precautions Act 1971 and the revocation of Fire Precautions (Workplace) Regulations 1997. The RRFSO places a duty on the responsible person and outlines all the measures that must be taken to ensure the safety of the people.
At the same time it allows the enforcing authority to make sure that it is enacted and sets penalties if it is not. It requires building owners or responsible persons to carry out fire risk assessment, develop and produce a policy, and develop procedures particularly concerning evacuation, and provide staff with information and training and carry out fire drills. More importantly, it requires building owners or the responsible person to provide and maintain a clear means of escape, signs, notices, emergency lighting, fire detection and alarm, and fire fighting equipment. There is a major change in the way most fire and rescue agencies operate.
There were changes within organizations particularly those heavily reliant on traditional ways of doing things and resistant to rapid change. In today’s ever changing environment and global mentality, the strategies, tactics, equipment, and philosophy adopted by fire and rescue agencies must be equal or greater than the challenges posed by the new paradigm of hazards. In the Middle East, for instance, the British Standards and some UK legislations like the Regulatory Reform (Fire Safety) Order 2005 and Fire and Rescue Service Act 2004 are being adopted and used in Abu Dhabi by most engineers and developers as if it is locally legislated or produced.
However, although adaptations of these standards and regulations are well accepted as viable guidelines for safety, implementation varies considerably. In UK, these legislations and standard are fully implemented and followed by almost all building owners and dwellers, and well monitored by the Fire and Rescue Service. In contrast, international application is incomplete as fire prevention appears being ignored and more emphasis is given to modernization of equipment and expansion.
Analyse the role of globalisation in affecting the legislative and substantive work of those in the fire and rescue serviceThe systems and tools that governments have available to address hazards risks in their communities are relatively universal throughout the world. Although each country’s emergency management organizations and systems have developed independently from a variety of sources, vast institutional sharing between countries has created an overall standardization of types of emergency management organizations, most notable in the area of first response.
Additionally, globalization has facilitated the standardization of practices, protocols, and equipment used by emergency management organizations. For instance, in the case of UAE, much of the standards and regulations they have are from foreign source. Since globalization has made these standards acceptable internationally, they are being use or adopted locally. The United Kingdom however, although the main standard being use for fire service is purely British, they also adopt some internationally accepted standard like the NFPA or the guidelines from different fire safety association.