The paper "How the Law Operates Internationally as It Applies to the Fire Service" is a wonderful example of an assignment on social science. The fire and safety in the UK, in England and Wales, in particular, is first and foremost under the Regulatory Reform (Fire Safety) Order 2005. The RRFSO replaces or amends pieces of fire-related legislation, the most significant being the repeal of the Fire Precautions Act 1971 and the revocation of Fire Precautions (Workplace) Regulations 1997. The RRFSO places a duty on the responsible person and outlines all the measures that must be taken to ensure the safety of the people.
At the same time, it allows the enforcing authority to make sure that it is enacted and sets penalties if it is not. It requires building owners or responsible persons to carry out a fire risk assessment, develop and produce a policy, and develop procedures particularly concerning evacuation, and provide staff with information and training and carry out fire drills. More importantly, it requires building owners or the responsible person to provide and maintain a clear means of escape, signs, notices, emergency lighting, fire detection and alarm, and fire fighting equipment. There is a major change in the way most fire and rescue agencies operate.
There were changes within organizations particularly those heavily reliant on traditional ways of doing things and resistant to rapid change. In today’ s ever-changing environment and global mentality, the strategies, tactics, equipment, and philosophy adopted by fire and rescue agencies must be equal or greater than the challenges posed by the new paradigm of hazards. In the Middle East, for instance, the British Standards and some UK legislation like the Regulatory Reform (Fire Safety) Order 2005 and Fire and Rescue Service Act 2004 are being adopted and used in Abu Dhabi by most engineers and developers as if it is locally legislated or produced. However, although adaptations of these standards and regulations are well accepted as viable guidelines for safety, implementation varies considerably.
In the UK, these legislations and standards are fully implemented and followed by almost all building owners and dwellers, and well monitored by the Fire and Rescue Service.
9. Reference List
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AL THEEB A., New Civil Defence Stations to Improve Response Time, available online at http://archive.gulfnews.com/articles/09/03/03/10290916.html, 2009
BOWMAN D., Dozens injured in Abu Dhabi Fire, available online at http://www.arabianbusiness.com/531290-dozens-injured-in-abu-dhabi-fire, 2008
BUKCMAN J.M. Chief Fire Officer's Desk Reference. US, Jones & Bartlett Publishers, 2005
COPPOLA D. P. Introduction to international disaster management. US, Butterworth-Heinemann, 2006
FENNELLY L.J. 2003. Handbook of loss prevention and crime prevention. US, Butterworth-Heinemann, 2003
FURNESS A. & MUCKETT M. Introduction to Fire Safety Management. UK, Butterworth-Heinemann, 2007
LANCASHIRE Fire and Rescue Service, About Us, Available online at http://www.lancsfirerescue.org.uk/lfrs/home/default.php, 2009
MORRISON E. E. & MONAGLE J. F. Health care ethics: critical issues for the 21st century. US, Jones & Bartlett Publishers, 2008
SAMBRIDGE A., Rootop residents rescued from Abu Dhabi fire, available online at http://www.arabianbusiness.com/531642-huge-blaze-hits-abu-dhabi-apartment-block, 2008