Essays on Charismatic Leadership, Gender Inequalities in Saudi Arabia and New Zealand Assignment

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The paper “ Charismatic Leadership, Gender Inequalities in Saudi Arabia and New Zealand” is a comprehensive variant of the assignment on management. This paper provides reflections on some of the topics that have resonated with or opposed my views on leadership. The first reflection entry looks at my experiences of gender inequality in Saudi Arabia and New Zealand and how they relate to leadership. When reading the course text, I noticed that Ladkin dedicated a lot of attention to the 2008 US election to explain the concept of leadership. Given that the US is in the middle of another election, I look at the candidates and focus on charismatic leadership in the second reflection.

In particular, I consider how Barack Obama and Donald Trump can both be considered as charismatic leaders despite their considerable differences. The third entry looks at the relational leadership concept that is discussed in a journal article authored by Cunliffe and Eriksen. The entry compares my cross-cultural interactions with the findings of the research on leadership in new and challenging environments. The fourth article covers ethics and how it relates to leadership.

The focus is on whether leaders should offer rewards for ethical behavior. Reflection: Gender Inequalities in Saudi Arabia and New ZealandI grew up in Saudi Arabia, a country that has considerable differences with Western countries. I moved to New Zealand four years ago and came to realize that gender is one of the areas that highlight these differences. The differences in gender can be enumerated by looking at the gender gap, which the World Economic Forum defines as a measurement of how well a country is leveraging female talent based on political, economic, educational, and health-based indicators (World Economic Forum, 2015).

The World Economic Forum measures differences in gender using an index where 0.00 indicates inequality and 1.00 indicates gender equality. Saudi Arabia is ranked 134th out of 145 nations with a gender gap score of 0.605. In comparison, New Zealand holds the 10th position with its score being 0.782 (World Economic Forum, 2015).

References

Alsaleh, S. (2009). Gender inequality in Saudi Arabia: Myth and reality. Department of Health Informatics, School of Public Health & Health Informatics King Saud bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

Census for Women's Participation. (2012). The Human Rights Commission. Retrieved 20 October 2016 https://www.hrc.co.nz/files/2314/2360/5171/web-census.pdf

Dawson, M. (2012). Saudi Arabia-Reflections on Women's Rights And Gender Equality. Georgetown Journal of International Affairs. Retrieved 20 October 2016 http://journal.georgetown.edu/spring-break-saudi-arabia-reflections-on-womens-rights-and-gender-equalitya-by-michael-dawson/

Ladkin, D. (2010). Rethinking leadership: A new look at old leadership questions. Edward Elgar Publishing.

OECD Better Life Index. (2015). Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. Retrieved 20 October 2016 http://stats.oecd.org/index.aspx?queryid=54757

Rhee, K. S., & Sigler, T. H. (2015). Untangling the relationship between gender and leadership. Gender in Management: An International Journal, 30(2), 109-134.

Sinclair, A. (2005). Doing leadership differently: Gender, power and sexuality in a changing business culture. Melbourne Univ. Publishing.

The Global Gender Gap Report 2015. (2015). World Economic Forum. Retrieved 20 October 2016 http://www3.weforum.org/docs/GGGR2015/cover.pdf

Bass, B.M. (1985). Leadership and Performance: Beyond Expectations. New York: Free Press.

Conger J.A. & Kanungo R.N. (1987). Toward a theory of charismatic leadership in organisational settings. Academy of Management Review, 12 (4), 637–47.

Ladkin, D. (2010). Rethinking leadership: A new look at old leadership questions. Edward Elgar Publishing.

Cunliffe, A. L., & Eriksen, M. (2011). Relational leadership. Human Relations, 64(11), 1425-1449.

Ladkin, D. (2010). Rethinking leadership: A new look at old leadership questions. Edward Elgar Publishing.

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