The paper 'Leadership Theories and Styles' is a good example of a Management Assignment. Leadership is generally defined as the ability to influence an individual or a group of people, usually called the followers, in achieving a specific objective (Turnbull, 2014). In the field of leadership, there have been many several theories that try to explain different types of leadership and styles. In this paper, different theories and styles of leadership have been explained based on specific individuals in leadership positions. Topic One: Being a Diplomat Evidently, a diplomatic role in any situation is a challenging responsibility.
The main responsibilities of a diplomat are to negotiate and make deals for a given party or parties. For example, a diplomat of a country could be expected to ensure that the country that he represents gets a fared business deal that will benefit his country. At the same time, a diplomat in the conflict resolution process is mandated to ensure that the two parties involved in the conflict come to agree on the way forward. Therefore, a diplomat is expected to have problem-solving skills and a wide range of knowledge.
The process of selecting a diplomat will require consideration of various traits as shown in the trait theory described below. Application of Trait Theory of Leadership The trait theory of leadership is based on the attributes and characteristics of different leaders both unsuccessful and successful. The theory is mostly instrumental in predicting the effectiveness of leadership (Adeniyi, 2007). In the last three decades of the twentieth century, a set of key traits of most of the successful leaders were identified. The list of traits was not only meant to identify if an individual would be a successful leader or not but also as preconditions that determine the leadership potential of persons.
The resulting lists of traits are then compared to those of potential leaders to assess their likelihood of success or failure (Sims, 2007). Studies in the applicability of trait theory in leadership tried to take and identify different types of traits including psychological characteristics such as appearance, weight, and height as well as demographic attributes, which include education, age, and socioeconomic background. At the same time, the study involves consideration of self-confidence, personality, and aggressiveness of an individual.
Further, trait theory also includes intellectual abilities based on intelligence, judgment, decisiveness, and knowledge (Lococo, 2008). Moreover task-related aspects such as achievement drive, persistence, initiative, and social characteristics including cooperativeness and sociability, which determine the emergence of a leader and leadership effectiveness. The proponents of trait theory ague that a leader should be judged based on the characteristics that he possesses (Hartog, 2009). The theory asserts that successful leaders have abilities, personalities, interests, and other attributes that are not similar to those that are less effective in their leadership positions.
As naturally pleasing, trait theory has been validated by different research, which has endorsed the foundation of the theory (Sims, 2007). At the same time, the trait theory provides a detailed understanding and knowledge of the leader element in the process of leadership. On the other hand, the trait theory has some limitations such as the presence of subjective judgment when determining the “ good” and “ bad” leader. In addition, the list of traits could be viewed as being too long which makes it challenging to know the most important traits for effective leadership.
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