The paper "Transformational Leadership Theory and Effective Leadership" is a perfect example of management coursework. Leadership has become of the widely discussed concept in the contemporary business as well as scholarly domains. Leadership is actually one of the key pillars of management (Hernon, 2010). This is based on the fact that it has a direct influence on the general well being of organizations as well as nations (Northouse, 2010). Leadership is the process of influencing teams or groups towards the achievement of a goal (Northouse, 2010). Simply put leadership ensures that the objectives of an entity are achieved as well as the right path is taken in the organization (Hernon, 2010).
Leaders influence others who are referred to as subordinates through their skills and knowledge (Winkler, 2010). There are four factors of leadership: the leader, followers or subordinates, communication, and situation. The situation and types of followers determine the type of leadership that will be applied. The leadership style is one aspect of leadership that has far been identified to contribute to the effectiveness of leadership (Nohria & Khurana, 2010).
A plethora of theories exists since time in history (Northouse, 2010). However, the widely discussed theories include transformational leadership, transactional leadership, and charismatic leadership. Leaders who have acted as per the three theories have been able to address issues arising from different situations including crises thus their effectiveness. The aim of this paper is to evaluate the three leadership theories outlining how each of them has contributed to the effectiveness of leadership. Transformational Leadership Theory and effective leadership Transformation leadership theory is one of the new theories in the history of leadership.
It contributes to the effectiveness of leadership in different ways (Winkler, 2010). This type of leadership is also referred to as superior leadership performance and occurs when the leaders elevate and broaden the interests of the subordinates while generating awareness and acceptance so that the mission of the group is accomplished (Sadeghi & Pihie, 2012). A transformational leader inspires or transforms the followers so that they achieve extraordinary results. These leaders pay close attention to the concerns and developmental requirements of each follower. Through this, they are able to change the awareness of the followers helping them to view the old issues in new dimensions (Odumeru & Ifeanyi, 2013).
Sadeghi & Pihie (2012) assert that transformational leadership theory is just about a leadership type that generates positive change in the followers. The approach used by the leaders is taking care of the interest of the subordinates and acting holistically to the interest of the group as a whole. In the contemporary business world groups and teams in the arsenal of the workforce. This type of leadership can greatly be applied in manning such groups.
This is mainly because it enhances motivation, performance, and morale of the followers through various methods (Sadeghi & Pihie, 2012). One of the methods is using the follower’ s sense of identity as well as self to project and collectively identify an organization. According to McCleskey (2014), the leader here becomes the role model of the followers and in this sense applies the skills of charismatic leaders for effective leadership (Sadeghi & Pihie, 2012). The leaders are also able to pose a challenge to the followers so that they feel as if they own the work.
The leaders using this form of leadership have an in-depth knowledge of the strengths as well as weaknesses of their employees (Odumeru & Ifeanyi, 2013). This means that transformational leaders are able to align the followers with the tasks at hand so as to achieve better performance (David, 2015).
Bell, R. M. 2013, “Charismatic Leadership Case Study with Ronald Reagan as Exemplar”. Emerging Leadership Journeys, 6(1), 66-74.
David, I. 2015, “Transformational Leadership Vs. Transactional Leadership Definition | Chron.com”. Retrieved from http://smallbusiness.chron.com/transformational-leadership-vs-transactional-leadership-definition-13834.html
Hernon, P. 2010, “Shaping the future: Advancing the understanding of leadership”. Santa Barbara, CA: Libraries Unlimited.
McCleskey, J. A. 2014, “Situational, Transformational, and Transactional Leadership and Leadership Development”. Journal of Business Studies Quarterly, 5(4), 117-130.
Nohria, N., & Khurana, R. 2010, “Handbook of Leadership Theory and Practice: An HBS Centennial Colloquium on Advancing Leadership”. Boston, MA: Harvard Business Press.
Northouse, P. G. 2010, “Leadership: Theory and practice”. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
Odumeru, A. J., & Ifeanyi, G. O. 2013, “Transformational vs. Transactional Leadership Theories: Evidence in Literature”. International Review of Management and Business Research, 2(2), 355-361.
Sadeghi, A., & Pihie, Z. A. 2012, “Transformational Leadership and Its Predictive Effects on Leadership Effectiveness”. International Journal of Business and Social Science, 3(7), 186-197.
Sharma, M. K., & Jain S. 2013, “Leadership Management: Principles, Models and Theories”. Global Journal of Management and Business Studies, 3(3), 309-318.
Winkler, I. 2010, “Contemporary leadership theories: Enhancing the understanding of the complexity, subjectivity and dynamic of leadership”. Heidelberg: Physica-Verlag.