The paper "Leadership in Contemporary Organisations" is an outstanding example of a management assignment. Fiedler’ s theory hypothesizes that people tend to be effective depending on their existing situations. According to the theory, a leader’ s situational control is guided by three elements: positioning power, leader/follower relations, and work structure. When leaders place the right employees in the right kind of work or favourable situations, the employees perform work optimally. Leaders with low LPC scores (or who are task-oriented), tend to be effective, in spite of whether the factors are favourable or not. Also, they tend to act more assertively.
On the other hand, leaders with high LPC scores (or who are relations-oriented) tend to be effective when the three elements exist: positioning power, leader/follower relations, and work structure. Leaders should create a good relationship with workers, and structure the work at hand to make the situation favourable. Leaders should avoid having low-quality relations with employees. For instance, if a company’ s CEO can control the tasks to be undertaken, as well as leader-led situations, and has power, he or she can create a favourable leadership environment. Question 2: Leaders can change their leadership styles depending on the skills of the followers, as well as their abilities, motivations and needs.
The Hershey-Blanchard model suggests that there is no single effective leadership style and that since leaders handle subordinates with different levels of maturity, effective leaders should flexibly adjust their leadership styles depending on the maturity of the followers. This happens once the confidence and the ability of subordinates are determined. This may be determined by evaluation of the employee’ s work, assessment of his level of experience through an interview, as well as his educational and professional qualifications.
For instance, when an employee has a low level of competency or skills needed for a given assignment, the leader may have to coach the employee or provide additional training to improve the employee’ s abilities and work performance. In case the employee is self-centered, the leader may have to provide additional monetary rewards to motivate the employee.