Generally, the paper "How to Be an Effective Leader" is an outstanding example of management coursework. The establishment of responsible leadership has obtained great grip in the modern management scholarship. Accountable leadership present a potentially useful and attractive research on leadership. Simon (2009: 24) defines leadership as the aptitude to set aside selfish pursuits and work to promote communal interests. Leadership entails the potential to develop and maintain a group that functions well compared to its competitors. According to Gallos (2008:1), leadership is an intricate social procedure, rooted in skills, knowledge, values and ways of thinking for both the followers and leaders.
Leadership often entails adaptive change. Most definitions of theories of leadership and leadership share the postulation that leadership entails a social procedure where intentional influence is exerted by one individual over other people in efforts to structure the relationships and activities in an organisation or a group. Situational theory Leadership styles refer to the conducts that differentiate a leader (Shanifaz, Arshad & Rasli 2013:368). An effective leader holds the ability to influence followers to act accordingly in order to conquer organisational objectives.
With respect to a situational theory developed by Paul Hersey, effective leaders adopt diverse leadership styles in different situations and the appropriate leadership styles based on situational leadership include directing, supporting, coaching and delegating (Gaspar, Kolari & Smith 2005: 257). Effective leaders alter their leadership styles depending on the task details and the type of their followers. Through this theory, effective leaders focus more or less on the links amid their followers and the task. Effective leaders adopt diverse leadership styles in diverse situations (Goethals and Sorenson (2007:104). For instance, permissive, participatory and democratic leadership styles are not effective in every situation. In modern organisations, effective leaders can be directive, supportive, participative and achievement-oriented depending on their followers and the situation of an organisation.
For instance, when a firm is embracing innovation or change, effective leaders employ a transformational leadership style. (Shanifaz, Arshad & Rasli 2013:368) assert that transformational leadership is about the involvement of leaders to establish a clear and strategic vision and communicate it with their followers. Transformational leadership style comprises of idealised behaviour, idealised attributes, intellectual stimulation, individual consideration and inspirational motivation.
According to Chen, Lin and McDonough (2012: 240), effective leaders promote competitiveness and innovation in efforts of sustaining growth in organisations. For instance, Asian leaders look for distinct positions from where they can outperform international competitors in the international market. Effective leaders competing in an unstable setting play a crucial role in assisting firms to enhance their performance. Chen, Lin and McDonough (2012:240) affirm that transformational leadership is an effective leadership style in firms that are changing as it facilitates organisational innovation. The characteristics of employees in a firm determine the type of leadership style a leader should adapt.
In this regard, most effective leaders assess the attitudes, personality, behaviours, values and organisational environment before adopting their leadership style Kitchen (2010:121). This is a clear indication situational leadership theory offers a practical guide on effective leadership. Effective leaders evaluate a given situation before deciding on what leadership style is most effective in accomplishing the desired outcome (Gaspar, Kolari & Smith 2005: 257). The suitable leadership style is influenced through subordinates’ qualities, specifically subordinates’ capacity and potential that the behaviour of the leader would inspire satisfaction of the subordinates (Shanifaz, Arshad & Rasli 2013:368).
Effective leaders adopt leadership styles that help them attain individual satisfaction, accomplish goals and attain personal needs while balancing the character of the situation and the abilities of subordinates (Terziovski 2007:24).