The paper "Leadership Management in the 21st Century" is an outstanding example of a management assignment. Leadership is the act of guiding or leading a particular group of individuals. It is also the ability to lead a group of people. Leadership involves bringing in a vision, sharing it with others so that they accept the vision willingly, giving knowhow on how to realize the vision and controlling and balancing the conflicting interests of all participants and stakeholders. On the other hand, a leader is that person who influences other people in order to achieve that vision.
He or She works first so that they motivate others to follow them. In the 21st century, various leaders have exhibited different kinds of leadership from all over the world depending on either their personal attributes or influence from factors surrounding them. Question One. Richard Branson, the CEO of the Virgin Group of Companies displays the attributes of Supportive leadership. In this kind of leadership, the leader emphasizes team harmony, puts support and cares for employee values so as to create a positive working environment in the organization.
In this kind of leadership, employees are given the free will to bring in ideas and to some extend make decisions concerning the organization. Creativity is encouraged and well-performing workers are rewarded as per efforts to achieve certain goal members are encouraged to share thoughts and find more creative solutions to problems and hence they feel more engaged in their jobs positively (Evans, 1970). Failure is accepted and valued so as to boost employee morale and participation in the creation of ideas. From the first case, we find that Richard distances himself from his workplace not only to have fun and enjoy himself but also to give his employees space to think and develop ideas by themselves rather than under influence of their boss.
We also learn that Branson encourages all his employees to think and make their own decisions rather than to tell them and he implores them by telling them that they are paid to think and lead themselves not to follow. Supportive leaders allow their workers to engage in philanthropic activities through volunteering like provision of in-house meals so that they can come together and exchange an idea which is a way of facilitating harmony (House & Mitchell, 1974).
Supportive leaders also create work policies that favor the flexibility of their workers and also provide support for their employees. They also give their employees options and choices for them to decide what kind of activities they wish to engage in. Also, they provide with support to employees by encouraging them to develop their own personal fun activities which they wish to participate thus they don’ t create the fun activities but rather they facilitate them.
It is evident, from the case story, that Branson has a non-policy on holidays such that they take holidays whenever they want and holds the belief that this will increase their productivity. He respects them by giving them support and on occasion’ s steps back and delegates. He believes that employee satisfaction is the key goal too high production.
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