The paper "Leadership Styles" is a wonderful example of a report on management. Leadership refers to the ability to establish a setting through ability or talent so that everyone creatively contributes towards that course. The process calls for a lot in the organizer or leader. The leader in this case must be able to adapt to the prevailing conditions, modifies the conditions, empower or instill confidence in followers, the act of people’ s feelings, foster creativity, and foster contribution. There are different approaches or styles leaders use in directing, motivating, and controlling the activities of followers.
Empirical studies by Kurt Lewin and others in 1939 (Cherry, 2012) identified a number of different leadership approaches. Key the approaches are: authoritarian/ autocratic leadership, participative (democratic) leadership, and delegative (Laises-Faire) approach (Cherry, 2012). Each style is seen to be applied to different situations and by different leaders. Authoritative/ Autocratic Leadership In this model of leadership, decisions, and directions are cantered on one person, the leader who is visibly distinct from the followers. The leader gives direction on what should be done, how it is to be done and when to do it.
The leader in most cases doesn’ t seek advice from followers. This kind of leadership is common within the forces or in military-controlled governments. Examples are the leadership of world war dictators like Hitler of Germany and Mussolini of Italy. Nwlink. com (2010) argues that the application of this style is only appropriate when the leader has sufficient information on what should be done, lacks time, and/ or has followers who are already motivated to contribute. Participative / Democratic leadership This is a case in which the leader offers guidance to followers while he/she also participate in the task.
In this design, his/her decision on an issue is final while he/she engages followers in decision making. A case of democratic leadership is the American system of government and other world democracies, where the president is a symbol of unity to nationals. This perspective of leadership is viewed as very effective in a number of ways. Nwlink. com (2010) argues that it attracts respect from followers; it builds a team and enables the leader to make wiser and widely fetched decisions.
Cherry (2012), adds that when this style is employed, followers feel valued hence become highly motivated to participate. Delegative (Laises-Faire) Leadership This is also called a free reign style (nwlink. com, 2010). In this leadership model, the leader allows subordinates to make decisions while he/she remains responsible for the decisions. Nwlink. com proposes that this decision is useful when employees are competent enough to understand the direction and modalities of achieving organizational goals. The style, however, has shortcomings. Cherry (2012) observes that this style in most cases leads to poorly defined roles hence conflicts on interest, low motivation, and little cooperation. Theories of Motivation Motivation means to activate or energize of goal-oriented behavior in humans.
However, the term motivation is a complex and difficult term to define, thus a precise definition of this concept is elusive as the notion comprises the characteristics of individual and situation as well as the perception of that situation by the individual(Ifinedo, 2003). He asserts that an organizations’ liveliness whether public or private, stems from the motivation of its employees, although their ability to play just as crucial role in determining their work performance.
There are two forms or sources of motivation; the extrinsic source or external motivation and intrinsic or internal motivation.
Cherry Kendra . (2012). Lewin's Leadership Styles. Retrieved from: http://psychology.about.com/od/leadership/a/leadstyles.htm
Goldsmithibs.com. ( 2012). Motivation. Retrieved from:http://www.goldsmithibs.com/resources/free/motivation/notes/summary%20-%20motivation.pdf
Google.com. (2012) . Company Management Team. Retrieved from: http://www.google.com/about/company/facts/management/#section-board
Ifinedo, P. (2003). Employee motivation and job satisfaction in organizations. A study of employees in Oulu region, Finland. Thesis paper. University of London
Managementstudyguide.com . (2012). Principles of Job Evaluation. Retrieved from: http://www.managementstudyguide.com/job-evaluation-principles.htm
Nwlink.com. (2010, June 13). Leadership Styles. Retrieved from: http://www.nwlink.com/~donclark/leader/leadstl.html
Salem Hanine. (2003). Organizational Performance Management and
Measurement. The Lebanese Experience. Retrieved from: http://unpan1.un.org/intradoc/groups/public/documents/unescwa/unpan010860.pdf