The paper “ Critical Care Nursing Professional Leadership and Health Care Program Evaluation” is a fascinating example of the assignment on health sciences & medicine. Critical care nursing is a new specialty, which emerged in the 1950s and 60s in North America, Europe, South Africa, and Australia and has been developing as a specialty within nursing for more than 30 years. As defined by the World Federation of Critical Care Nurses, critical care nursing is advanced nursing care of critically sick patients who have an evident disorder of crucial organ functions. It involves helping, supporting, and reinstating the patient toward wellbeing, or to relieve the patients’ pain and to prepare them for a noble death.
The intent of critical care nursing is to develop a therapeutic association with patients and their families and to build the patients’ physical, emotional, sociological, educational, and religious potentials through preventive, therapeutic, and rehabilitative strategies. Critically sick patients are those who are at high danger of actual or possible acute health problems. Critical care nursing can be strongly linked to the intensive care unit (Scribante, Schmollgruber, & Nel, 2005). The early stages of critical care nursing included mainly of coronary care unit, cardiothoracic units, and the general intensive care units.
Coronary care units took care of cardiology patients, cardiothoracic units for postoperative patients whereas; general care unit took care of patients with respiratory problems. The principles of critical care nursing that exist today are a result of later advances in renal, metabolic, and neurological management. Advancement in technology, such as the invention of machines like ventilators, cardiac monitors, pacemakers, defibrillators, dialyzers, and currently, intra-aortic balloon pumps have promoted the development of critical care as a specialty and of more expertise (Fairley, 2005).
The recognition of the importance of the role of adequately trained and experienced nurses in these care units from an early stage has led to the development of the nursing specialty of critical care (Keeling & Bigbee, 2005).
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