The paper "Chinese Values in Business" is an outstanding example of a business research proposal. Counter to the individualism that is practised and encouraged in several Western nations, Confucian philosophy concentrates on the ethical discussion on how a society can be organized that would result in a promotion of steadiness as well as shared interests. The philosophy provides the satisfaction of plane to communal instead of personal wellbeing and it identifies the interdependence individuals; that is, the way that one treats another ascertains the worth of the society which is formed (Rojer, 2007). Research Problem In this paper, the effect of Confucianism on Chinese business will be discussed along with taking into consideration the circumstances of China's economic incorporation into the world.
Some research has been done previously as well, for example by Chan (2007). The reasons for this occurrence will be presented and the part of the harmony that is stressed upon by Confucianism will be considered. Some findings show that silence connections (guanxi), tolerance, and harmony are stressed upon by the Chinese commerce commune (Moreiro & Li, 1999). It is said that guanxi facilitates the victory for the Chinese businesses (Hwang & Staley, 2005; Lovett et al, 1999; Yau et al, 2006).
Although it is said that Confucianism is dead, and the Chinese government has been opposing it, yet while doing business in China one definitely feels the influence of Confucian philosophy (Jacobs, Guopei & Herbig, 1995). Parent Literature Confucius Confucius was a philosopher and it is believed that he was born in 550 BC (Kim, 2003). He established a set of moral values that were based on the standards of concord and steadiness. Confucius happened to be a counselor for a prince and through his position, he embedded his idea of morals into the defective authorized organization of his era.
His ethics affected Chinese society to a great extent, such that these are existent even today. Guanxi In the west, the business culture is said to be transaction-based. In Chinese culture, it is relationship-based. The westerns would describe a triumphant businessman as wealthy, whilst the Chinese culture would be called well connected (Chen, 2001). It can be said that guanxi is the Chinese term for relations existing between people.
It can be carelessly termed as “ connections” (Richter, 2002). Gold et al. note: ‘ ‘ To some observers and practitioners, guanxi is an essential and defining element of Chinese culture, handed down relatively unchanged through time and space. To others, [it] is little more than a Chinese word for the personal networks, social capital, and gift economies found in all societies’ ’ (Gold et al. , 2002: 3). Guanxi is the most significant idea when tackling with China and the Chinese. It can be applied in every communal context and not only in business. The Chinese determine their own social situation partly through the degree of their “ guanxiwang, or network of contacts” (Ambler, 2008).
At times the Chinese make use of their contacts only for business. Although a business can be conducted without having any relations, there are no such models where the businesses have been eventually flourishing. Apart from this, the recent history of Western businesses that were conducted in China contains a lot of examples of the organizations which have turned out to neglect guanxi and thus suffered (Ambler, 2008).
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