Essays on Importance of Motivation Report

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The paper "Importance of Motivation" is a great example of a report on management. Motivation is a tool that is very essential for a manager. It refers to rejuvenating, energizing, and activating an employee’ s behavior to help maximize productivity (Alderfer, 1969). It also helps an employee use their potential or expertise to the best of their ability (Geen, 1994). One can generally achieve motivation by either by self-motivation or motivation by others. Self-motivation entails an individual using aspects of their lives that make them feel good about themselves. E.g.

hobbies, leisure activities, eating, sleeping, and such. On the other hand, others can motivate one by use of incentives and gifts, cheering during competitions to applaud one’ s efforts (Deci, et al, 1999a). Managers who motivate their employees are likely to yield good results, because, they are likely to use techniques and methods that help them do a better job, they are more focused on achieving quality than just beating deadlines and are focused on increasing productivity. Importance of MotivationA highly motivated team allows the company or organization to benefit in many ways. Through the motivation of employees, a company is able to increase its profit margins that are accrued from reduced recruitment costs.

This is as a result of high rates of employee retention and low turn over of employee exits. A working team that is motivated produces high performance thus high-quality production rates. Higher production rates of goods or services mean good business, which leads to higher annual stock turnovers (Deci, et al, 1999a). Motivated employees come u with new inventions and innovations and are not scared to implement them.

Moreover, a company that uses its resources or finances in the hope of motivating her employees, a good reputation always precedes them to competitors, suppliers, their own staff, and potential employees (Hammer, 1976). In a school setting, a student who is motivated is likely to perform much better than if they were not motivated. Motivation allows students to develop their cognitive processing and increase their interests in activities. Motivated students also are guided in their behavior, thus influencing behavior change in order to achieve their set goals. It also helps develop their energy levels if it means they will get a reward, trophy, and even if it helps propel their position and standing among their peers (Miner, 1995).

References

Alderfer, C., 1969, An Empirical Test of a New Theory of Human Needs, Organizational Behaviour and Human Performance, 4, 143 – 175.

Deci, E., Koestner, R. & Ryan, M., 1999a, A meta-analytic review of experiments examining the effects of extrinsic rewards on intrinsic motivation, Psychological Bulletin, 125, 627-668.

Deci, E. & Ryan, M., 2000, The “what” and the “why” of Goal Pursuits: Human Needs and the Self-determination of Behaviour, Psychological Inquiry, 11, 227 – 268.

Eisenberger, R., Rhoades, L. & Carmeron, J., 1999, Does Pay for Performance Increase or Decrease Perceived Self-determination and Intrinsic Motivation? Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 77, 1026-1040.

Geen, R., 1994, Human Motivation: A social Psychological Approach, New York: Brooks/Cole Publishers.

Griffin, R., Bateman, T. & Wayne, S., 1987, Objective and Social Factors as Determinants of Task Perceptions and Responses: An Integrated Perspective and Empirical Investigation, Academy of Management Journal, 30, 501-523.

Hackman, R. & Oldham, G., 1976, Motivation Through the Design of Work: Test of a Theory, Organizational Behaviour and Human Performance, 16, 250-279.

Hammer, W., 1976, Behaviour Modification and the Bottom Line, Organizational Dynamics, 4(4), 3-21.

Hertzberg, F., 1966, Work and the Nature of Man, Cleveland: World Publishing.

Kasser, T. & Ryan, M., 1996, Further Examining the American Dream: Differential Correlates of Intrinsic and Extrinsic Goals, Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 22, 280-287.

Komaki, J., 1982, Managerial Effectiveness: Potential Contributions of the Behavioural Approach, Journal of Organizational Behaviour Management, 3, 71-83.

Miner, J., 1995, Role Motivation Theories, London: Routledge Publishers.

McClelland, D., 1987, Human Motivation, New York: CUP Archive Publishers.

Maslow, A., 1943, A Theory of Human Motivation, Psychological Review, 50(4), 370-396.

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