The paper “ Organisation Hiring Process” is an inspiring example of the literature review on human resources. Human capital is, according to Sinha and Thaly (2013), among the most valued organizational resource, as it potentially adds value to all other organizational resources. The hiring process, as a human resource management function, is a strategic nightmare for the human resource department of any organization since it is a critical success factor for the performance of an organization. Attracting and retaining a talented workforce is important for any organization’ s success (Gatewood et al 2010).
Current trends in the hiring process show that the job market has increasingly become competitive since the available talent pool has become more diverse (Kumar and Garg 2012). This also means that recruiters need to become more selective since recruiting the wrong candidates may have significant negative implications on organizational performance. Additionally, it may lead to a high cost of training and development for the staff leading the organization to lose focus on its key objectives, hence losing its competitive edge (Mecan 2009). While a large body of researchers has clarified that poor recruitment decisions greatly affect the organizational process and limit the attainment of goals, many organizations in the public sector are yet to identify and implement an effective hiring process (Oluwayemia and Olusuji, 2012 Malik et al 2012; Kumari 2012).
Indeed, this forms the rationale for this literature review. In view of that, the central thesis is that the hiring processes that are more focused on selecting prospective employees who can attain organizational objectives are more likely to benefit from the improved organizational performance, cost reduction, and compliance with legal obligations. This literature review presents a selective review of published research literature since 2005.
The goal is to gain an insight into the current status of research on the organisational hiring process, (b) explore the advancements made in the HR knowledge and identify the areas that need improvement, and lastly (c) inspire a need for future research on the organizational hiring process.
Abomeh, S & Blessing, I 2013, “Assessment of Recruitment Practice on Organisation Performance: Empirical Study of Hospitality Businesses in Abuja," European Scientific Journal, vol.9, no.29, pp.294-304
Al Azzam, A & Jaradat, S 2014, "Impact Of Hr Recruitment Process On Jordanian Universities Effectiveness," Global Journal of Human Resource Management, Vol.2, No.1, pp.16-29
Ehrhart, K & Ziegert, J 2005, "Why Are Individuals Attracted to Organizations?," Journal of Management vol 31, pp.901-919
Florea, V & Badea, M 2013, “Acceptance of new Technologies in HR: E-Recruitment in Organizations,” Proceedings of the European Conference on Information Management & Evaluation, pp. 344-352.
Gatewood, R, Feild, H & Barrick, M 2010, Human Resource Selection, 7th ed, South-Western Cengage Learning, Mason, OH
Holm, A 2010, "The Effect of E-recruitment On the Recruitment Process: Evidence from Case Studies of Three Danish MNCs," Proceedings of the Third European Academic Workshop on electronic Human Resource Management, Bamberg, Germany, May 20-21, 2010, CEUR-WS.org
Kumari, N 2012, "A Study of the Recruitment and Selection process: SMC Global," Industrial Engineering Letters vol 2 no 1, pp.34-44
Kumar, N & Garg, P 2010, "Impact of OnlineRecruitment On Recruitment Performance," Asian Journal of Management Research, 327-336
Levashina, J 2009, “Expected practices in background checking: review of the human resource management literature,” Employee Responsibilities and Rights Journal, vol 21, pp. 231–241.
Madera, J & Chang, W 2011, "Using Social Network Sites to Investigate Employees in the Hospitality Industry" International CHRIE Conference-Refereed Track, no 20, pp-1-14
Madera, M 2012, “Using social networking websites as a selection tool: The role of selection process fairness and job pursuit intentions,” International Journal of Hospitality Management, vol 31, pp. 1276– 1282
Malik, S, Waheed, A, Tufail, S, Zameer, H & Hussain, M 2012, "Issues and Problems Faced by Organizations in Recruitment; A Case of Telecom Sector in Pakistan," International Journal of Business and Management Tomorrow vol 2 no 5, pp.1-12
Mankikar, S 2014, "A Critical Study on Recruitment and Selection With Reference to HR Consulting Firms," Management vol 3 no 3, pp.108-110
Mecan, T 2009, "The employment interview: A review of current studies and directions for future research," Human Resource Management Review vol 19, pp.203–218
Mwangi, M, Njeje, D & Makokha, E 2014, "Analysis of Factors Affecting Staff Recruitment in Private Hospitals in North Rift: A Survey of Uasin Gishu County," European Journal of Business and Management vol 6 no 1, pp.61-67
Nyasha, M, Katsuro, P, Chazuza, T, Makaita, M, Mukondiwa, T, Tafdwa, U & Taonga, M 2013, "Importance of Establishing a Job Analysis Exercise in an Organisation," Australian Journal of Business and Management Research, vol 2 no11, pp.35-42
Oluwayemi, O & Olusuji, O 2012, "The Roles of Employment Processes in Organisational Image in Insurance Organistions in Nigeria: Employees and Community Perspectives," Australian Journal of Business and Management Research Vol.2 No.05, pp52-57
Singh, P 2007, Job analysis for a changing workplace, School of Administrative Studies, York University, Toronto
Sinha, V & Thaly, P 2013, "A Review on Changing Trend of Recruitment Practice to Enhance the Quality of Hiring in Global Organizations," Management, vol. 18, no 2, pp.141-156
Sule, O & Ugoji, E 2013, "Impact of Personal Recruitment on Organisational Development: A Survey of Selected Nigerian Workplace," International Journal of Business Administration, Vol. 4, No. 2, pp.79-102