The paper 'The Key Approaches to Planning for Climate Change for Cities in Australia" is a perfect example of a business case study. Today, most cities and towns planners across the need to understand the importance of planning and how it influences climate change (Betsill & Bulkeley 2007, p. 448). However, the majority of cities are still lagging behind ineffective and efficient urban planning on climate change mitigation. After the Kyoto protocol, several forums and conferences have been held to discuss and provide information and ideas concerning planning for climate change in countries and cities.
Blakely (2007, p. 11) contends that these have been disregarded by some of urban planners and policymakers, and is now facing an uphill task of re-drawing new plans to reduce climate change. Some of the notable changes in the recent past in Australia in the incidence and severity of weather including surged rainfall levels resulting in flooding. Australian Government (2010) claims that the situation might change in Australian urban areas in the near future because of increasing acceptance of urban planning and its endeavors to mitigate climate change. As such, this essay discusses the key approaches to planning for climate change for cities in Australia.
Some of the approaches or adaptations that will be discussed to planning for climate change comprise of greenhouse gases reduction, proper planning of housing, mitigation of vegetation clearance, green roofing, proper waste management and urban heat island reduction. Climate change in Australia Hunt & Watkiss (2011, p. 14) defines climate change as a major and long-term change in the weather patterns distribution over a longer period of time. Climate change has had widespread impacts on urban places.
D'Cruz & Satterthwaite (2005) pines that cities and urban areas are characterized by high density and mass of people and built infrastructure. The recipe of these combinations poses an exceptional risk of climate change. Australian such as including Melbourne, Sydney and Canberra have experienced an influx of people and buildings in the 21st century; a situation has resulted to increase in temperature rates, rainfall, floods and natural hazards which have posted potential risks on the same infrastructures, residential houses, and offices and on the general ecosystem. Climate change generates risks to the urban and cities where over 90 percent of the Australians live (Condon, Caven & Miller 2009).
The climate change issue has generated a serious debate on the actions of the government. however, there are few signs which suggest actions by individual Australian society in the fight and staving off a disastrous climate change (McAlpine et al. 2007). While others refute the threats, a few have started to make few adjustments at a household scale by using energy-saving bulbs, green power, recycling, solar panels and public transportation. This shows that individual Australians are gradually moving from the delusion of unlimited knowledge to experience the realism of environmental limits. When the Rudd national government was elected in 2007, they re-examined the national urban policy, focusing on challenges caused by energy infrastructure and urban transport (Byrne et al 2009).
In Australia, urban environmental planning and policy remain mostly undeveloped. Different governments have designed numerous intervention mechanisms but most remain unimplemented, they cannot hinder economic growth but stimulates more efficient and environmental industries and homes. The government has been urging city planners to encourage industry managers to adopt use of technology to manage pollution and waste (Aldy et al.
2009, p. 12). As such, they are likely to reduce operation and also promote good health of their workers and the general nation. This has been evident in Canberra and Melbourne. Governments also continue with their regulatory function on the industry for sustainable energy and friendly environment. Even though the process of policy-making has been open to a public inquiry and widespread, the capability of the environmental groups to successfully influence the last stage has been restrained by inadequate knowledge of the citizens (COM 2014).
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