AbstractThis paper will seek to find and highlight ways in overall policy, planning and development of tourism is to be formulated and implemented in a sustainable manner. It will seek to establish the role of various players in the tourist sector in playing their part in their coordinated efforts to make tourism address itself to the community, the environment and the economy. The government and the community will use the framework discussed to play as it engages in tourism development as to attain sustainability in the long term over a infinite future by employing finite strategies available at their disposal.
The conclusion or recommendation will inform future decisions to attain sustainable tourism. IntroductionThe term sustainable tourism can be defined as developing tourist facilities in a manner as to envision the future of it in the wider context of the environment and the comfort of the community affected by the tourist activities. Sustainable tourism was coined the concept of sustainable development in which the community is meeting its current needs while taking care of the generations to come. The future generations should find the environment as ‘natural’ as it is today.
Sustainable tourism will therefore take care of the environment, the wider community and the economy. (Swarbrooke, 1999). Kangaroo Island(KI) is the most iconic tourist destination in southern Australia located in the south cape of South Australia. It has a 509 kilometre coastline and 155 kilometres in length from east to west 55kilometres at the widest point and 1 kilometre at narrowest point and 307 metres above sea level in altitude at its highest point. It is inhabited by a population of about 4300 people. The Island is accessible by ferry or by air.
Overall tourism employs 20% of the population but the economy of the island also depends on agriculture (sheep, wool and grains), forestry and fishing and is administered by Kangaroo Island Council from Kingscote in the eastern region. Tourist visit was estimated at 251,000 in 2003. Expenditure by tourist on the island is about $38 million per annum. (TOMM, 2006) The island is characterised by white sandy beaches along the coast with marine life is a host to unique sea animals and fishes.
The island also features collection of wild native animals not found anywhere else in the world except on Australia, its islands and countries around like New Zealand. The island has a rich history which informed the decision by the government to make it a tourist destination. The marine life, the picturesque landscape and the land wild animals are some of the features that make the island very attractive to tourists from within Australia and outside. Kangaroo Island has the following national parks; Seal Bay Conservation Park, Flinders Chase National Park, Cape Gantheaume Conservation Park, Admirals Arch, Cape Willoughby Conservation Park and Kelly Hill Conservation Park.
Combined, they cover more than a third of Kangaroo Island Our case study for purposes of this study will be Flinders Chase National Park. It covers a vast region in the west of Kangaroo Island. If features a natural wild vegetation, animals and lodges within the park. The park features sightseeing, shopping, dining, cultural entertainment and tourist activities. It is a sanctuary of endangered species like Koalas and Platypus and others include kangaroos, Goannas and Echidnas.
Other features include coastal landscapes, Cape du Couedic, Rocky River in the south west, the Gosse Lands in the northeast and Cape Borda lightstation in the northwest. Geologically, the park contains a few phenomena. Remarkable Rocks are naturally sculptured formations precariously balanced atop granite outcrop and these is a reminder to visitors of the sculptures of Henry Moore and home of playful New Zealand Fur Seals at Admirals Arch.