The paper 'The Key Concepts of the Occupational Health and Safety Workplace Obligations" is a good example of a management case study. The estimated amount of the total economic costs of injury and fatalities reported in the Australian workplaces is estimated to be $31 billion. Considerable amounts of non-economic losses are reported as a result of deaths related to workplace safety. The government has witnessed strong support and collaboration that is related to compliance with the Occupational Health and Safety (OHS) regulations by most of the workplace (Work Safe Victoria, 2009). The regulatory framework The federal parliament is not given powers by the constitution of the commonwealth to regulate the compliance of the OHS but the regulatory powers have always been given to the various states and jurisdiction territories.
The overall coordination of overseeing the regulatory aspect of the OHS is done by the National Occupational Health and Safety Commission (NOHSC) since 1985. This, therefore, implies that there are 6 Acts and 2 Acts of the territory. This is in addition to the Commonwealth Act which covers the commonwealth employees and the Commonwealth Act which covers the maritime industry.
These are the number of Act are used as a guide in the regulation of OHS in Australia. It is also vital to note that some states have a special OHS regulation that is used to regulate the compliance of OHS in the mining industry (National Occupational Health and Safety Commission, 1999). The NOHSC is an overarching centralized commission which was established as a constitutional corporation. The members of this commission are appointed by the jurisdiction and territory governments, the industry and commerce chamber as well as the Australian Council of Trade Unions.
The commission is entitled to the responsibility to coordinate the efforts that are aimed at the prevention of workplace injury as well as disease in the region. The commission also has a wide range of responsibilities in relation to this which include the initiation of researches, statistics collection, OHS awareness creation, advising the governments, and the development of the national standards.
AS/NZS 4801 Occupational Health and Safety Management Systems – Specification with guidance for; Accessed on the 30th of October 2011, from; http://www.workcover.nsw.gov.au/formspublications/publications/Documents/ohs_management_systems_4231.pdf
ISO 31000 Risk Management – General guidelines on principles, systems and supporting techniques; Accessed on the 30th of October 2011, from; csrc.nist.gov/publications/nistpubs/800-39/SP800-39-final.pdf
AS/NZS 4804 Occupational Health and Safety Management Systems – General guidelines on principles, systems and supporting techniques; Accessed on the 30th of October 2011, from; www.saiglobal.com/PDFTemp/Previews/OSH/as/as4000/.../4804.pd
AS/NZS 9000 Quality Management and Quality Assurance Standards – Guidelines for selection and use; Accessed on the 30th of October 2011, from; nla.gov.au/anbd.bib-an9944801
AS/NZS 4581 Management Systems Integration – Guidance to business, government And community organizations; Accessed on the 30th of October 2011, from; www.casa.gov.au/scripts/nc.dll?WCMS:STANDARD::pc=PC
National Occupational Health and Safety Commission, Guidance Note: List of Designated Hazardous Substances (NOHSC: 1005 (1999))
Work Safe Victoria, Occupational Health and Safety (Hazardous Substances) Regulations (1999) and Code of Practice (2000)