Essays on Is Management an Art, a Science or Neither Essay

Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing

The paper "Is Management an Art, a Science or Neither" is a great example of a management essay.   Art is the use of skill and knowledge to achieve the desired results. On the other hand, science can be defined as a systematic body of knowledge with reference to a certain field of study, which involves the general facts that expound a phenomenon. Therefore, science inaugurates an interconnection relationship between variables and highlights the principles that govern the relationship. Many scholars as cited in this paper believe that management is both an art as well as a science.

Management is an art because it encompasses achieving desirable results by practically applying knowledge and skills. On the other hand, it is a science because it includes a structured body of knowledge, which involves principles and theories. Therefore, the science of management offers wide-ranging principles for the management of different aspects of the business; however, their use relies on the managers’ competence, skills and experience. While science teaches managers about new things, art teaches them how those things are practically performed. Management approaches and theories are as crucial to practitioners as well as managers as the knowledge and theories of colour and light are to artists.

Still, approaches and theories singlehandedly do not make a manager successful. Managers are like artists, while the latter requires their unique skills/ability so as to generate recognisable work of art, the former needs special intangible ability as well as skill in order to be marketable. Therefore, approaches together with theories and features of science while the skills and ability to put those approaches and theories into practice are the work of art.

This paper seeks to demonstrate that management is both an art and a science. Discussion Basically, management knowledge demonstrates features of both science and art since both are mutually supplementary. Management is considered to be an art because management knowledge similar to other arts is applied practically. In almost all situations, the manager always tries to efficiently solve the existing problems or make quality and superior decisions in order to achieve objectives with minimum resources or efforts. While applying the management knowledge continuously, the managers normally gain experience, which eventually becomes their personal possession that cannot be transferred.  


Çelik, M. & Doğan, E., 2011. Theoretical Approach to the Science of Management. International Journal of Humanities and Social Science, vol. 1, no. 3, pp.65-69.

Flyvbjerg, B., 2001. Rationality, body and intuition in human learning. In Making Social Science Matter: Why Social Inquiry Fails and How it Can Succeed Again. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. pp.9-24.

Gao, F., 2008. Is Management Science or Art? Systems Research and Behavioral Science, vol. 25, pp.125-36.

Helms, D.M.M., 2009. Encyclopedia of Management. Farmington, CT: Gale.

Huczynski, A., 1996. Requirements of managers. In Management Gurus: What makes them and how to become one. London: International Thompson Business Press. pp.198-240.

Koestler, A., 1970. The Act of Creation, Pan Books, London. London: Pan Books.

Peroff, N.C., 1999. Is Management an Art or a Science? A Clue in Consilience. Emergence, vol. 1, no. 1, pp.92-109.

Thomas, A.B., 1993. The social sciences: can they help managers? In Controversies in Management: Issues, Debates, Answers. London: Routledge. pp.74-96.

Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
Contact Us