Essays on Scientific Management - Organizational Communication, Approaches, and Processes Literature review

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The paper “ Scientific Management - Organizational Communication, Approaches, and Processes” is a dramatic variant of the literature review on management. Management is the process of planning, organizing, directing, supervising, coordinating, and controlling the flow of events within an organization. This implies that it is a demanding process, which requires people with adequate knowledge, skills, and experience in different fields. The management process becomes more complicated especially when the organization is quite diverse where many employees and various operational processes taking place. It is not a new thing, however; it has existed for centuries (Özbilgin, M.2009).

However, the management styles are the ones that change with time due to the prevailing factors. Every organization is it a business enterprise or governmental organization, has a management structure where the duties of every individual are defined, every person is expected to discharge the duties as assigned to him/her, and has a specific person who he/she supposed to report to. In regards to Taylor, Frederick (2004). Scholars have tried to explain various types of management styles that often used in many organizations that exist nowadays. Examples of the management styles that have existed since the olden days in the different organizations are autocratic, democratic, laissez-faire, bureaucracy.

Nevertheless, the management field got a big boost during the 19th century when Frederick Taylor an American engineer redefined how management is supposed to be carried out. He came up with various thoughts, which acted as ingredients to the management process in any given organization to realize maximum benefits. Generally, his concepts were referred to as scientific management because the concepts were more scientific; in other words, Taylor’ s perspective towards management employed a scientific approach.

His views came out to be more appealing to many managements organization and were adopted and indeed helped to boost production. This paper focuses on scientific management concepts and their application to one of the contemporary organizations.


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Buller, P, & Schuler, R. (1999). “Managing organization and people; cases in management, organization behavior and human resource management.” South western pub. 6

BoxalL, P & Purcell, J. (2011). “ Strategy and human resource management.” Retrieved from

Judge, T& Robbins, S. (2007). “Organization behavior.” New Jersey. Pearson.

Miller Catherine. (2008). Organizational communication, approaches and processes. Cengage Learning. Texas. USA.

Ritzer, George. (2010). The McDonaldization of the society. Sage Publishers. University of Maryland. USA.

Thompson, James (1967). Organization in action: Social science bases of administrative theory. Transactional publishers. US.

Taylor, Frederick. (2004). The principles of scientific management. Kessinger publishing company.

Özbilgin, M. (2009). Equality, diversity and inclusion at work: a research companion. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar.

Weick, K. E. (1969). The social psychology of organizing. Reading, Mass.: Addison-Wesley Pub. Co. University of Michigan. USA.

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