IntroductionManagement is the process where planning, organizing, leading staffing and controlling are used in an organization in order to achieve the organizational goals (Freeman, 2010). It is the work of the manager to ensure that all parts of the organization works so that not even a small bit is left undone. He allocates resources so that all continues to run. According to Easterby-Smith et al (2008), effective management requires a lot of good leadership. A manager should have certain skills in order for him to be a good leader.
This includes technical skills, interpersonal skills, conceptual skills, communication skills, timely management skills and decision making skills. The technical skill is the knowledge that the manager has towards the job he is doing (Van Der Aalst and Van Hee, 2004) This is to make sure that the work is being done in the steps that should be followed. They are acquired through training, work experience or through any course of the formal education. Interpersonal skills are another essential part in the management. This is the ability of the manager to work in peace other subordinate workers.
A manager cannot work alone; this means that he requires having other workers who will help him in the working. Conception skills on the other hand help a manager to think outside the box. A management system is the means through which management use to achieve the objectives of the organization (Guest, 2007). It is an umbrella term used to describe all those activities involved in the management. They include: financial management, human resource management, knowledge management and information technology management. For instance, an organization has to make sure that resources are controlled effectively through financial management.
This, according to Drucker (2007) is to avoid over utilization of resources in some sectors and limit other sectors to have little resources allocated to them. The introduction of technology and globalization has had a great impact on management and leading behaviors of managers and leaders in the workplace (Devanna et al, 2006). Generally business conduct of both employees and managers has really transformed with the introduction of World Web and internet. Initially, organizations used the old age paradigm type of control which was based on hierarchy, but this has changed over time and organizations use decentralized networks and functional groups in order to meet the needs of e-business economy (Archibald, 2003).
The continuous change in technology has been a challenge to managers on how to carry on their managerial roles in the dynamic work environment. This has in fact led to introduction of new styles of leadership referred to as e-leadership (Storey, 2007). The information technology has led to changes in tools of communication and this has redefined how employees interact in the organization (Alli, Winter and May, 2011).
Today the role of a manager is focused on managing self-organized business units that are decentralized through the e-business networks which connect different business players in real time by use of internet. Organizations’ hierarchical structures have gradually reduced and any person can communicate with all ranks of managers through e-mail. There is increase in the speed of doing business since information can be accessed to by employees faster and effectively.