Essays on Scientific, Bureaucratic, Administration, Human Relations, and Other Management Theories Literature review

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The paper “ Scientific, Bureaucratic, Administration, Human Relations, and Other  Management Theories”   is a   thrilling example of a literature review on management. One of the most significant human activities is managing. Ever since human beings started creating social organizations to achieve aims and objectives that could be accomplished individually, the concept of managing has been necessary for ensuring the harmonization of individual endeavors. With the increasing reliance on group effort by society and a growing number of organized groups, managers’ tasks have gained a lot of meaning and complexity. Since then, the managerial theory has been critical in the management of complex firms.

Therefore, this paper seeks to explore the trends and approaches to the concepts of organization, management, and strategy in the 20th century. TheoriesScientific management theoryThis is a theory that emphasizes the empirical study that is essential in the development of an inclusive management solution. The main aim of the approach’ s theory is to be used by organizational managers in a particular manner (Daft & Lane 2008, pp. 5-8). The most important implication of the scientific management theory is that the manager is basically in charge of enhancing the organization’ s productivity.

The main representative of the approach is Fredrick Winslow Taylor, and Frank and Lillian Gilbreth. In his experiments, Daft & Lane (2008, pp. 5-12) argues that Taylor sought to determine the most appropriate way of operating every work operation, required materials, and work order. According to Taylor, some of the principles of the scientific management theory are the development of the scientific management methodology; managers’ assumption of the responsibility of selection, training, and development of the worker; full cooperation of managers with employees in the effective application of the approach; and involvement of the management of employee’ s work (Daft & Marcic 2011, pp.

24-30).   Besides, this approach comprised of a system that was instrumental in the supervision of workers, improvement of work methods, and provision of incentives to workers by use of the piece-rate system.

References

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Daft, RL & Lane, P 2008, The new era of management, Thomson/South-Western, Mason, Ohio. pp. 5-20

Daft, RL & Marcic, D 2011, Understanding management, South-Western Cengage Learning, Mason, OH. pp. 24-30

Dzimbiri, L 2009, Organisation and management theories: an African focus integrating structure, people, processes and the environment for human happiness, Cuvillier, Göttingen. Pp. 2-10.

Griffin, R 2010, Organizational behavior: managing people and organizations, South-Western/Cengage Learning, Australia Mason, OH. Pp. 23-35.

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Yale Law Journal, vol. 112, no.4, pp. 12-18. http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5002006243

Haraway, WM 2005, ‘Employee Grievance Programs: Understanding the Nexus between Workplace Justice, Organizational Legitimacy and Successful Organizations’, Public Personnel Management, vol. 34, no.7, pp. 23-27. http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5019659310

Landy, F 2007, Work in the 21st century: an introduction to industrial and organizational psychology. Malden, Mass: Blackwell. Pp. 575-580

Ravetz, JR 2009, ‘Essay: Conventions in Science and in the Courts: Images and Realities’,

Law and Contemporary Problems, vol. 72, no.3, pp. 10-20. http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5032139974

Sheldrake, J 2003, Management theory, Thomson, Australia United States. Pp. 57-60.

Taylor, F 2010, The principles of scientific management, Forgotten Books, Lexington, KY. Pp. 19-30.

Yu, M 2009, Employees' Perception of Organizational Change: The Mediating Effects of Stress Management Strategies’, Public Personnel Management, vol. 38, no.6, pp. 14-18. http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5038072342

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