The paper “ Scientific, Bureaucratic, Administration, Human Relations, and Other Management Theories” is a thrilling example of a literature review on management. One of the most significant human activities is managing. Ever since human beings started creating social organizations to achieve aims and objectives that could be accomplished individually, the concept of managing has been necessary for ensuring the harmonization of individual endeavors. With the increasing reliance on group effort by society and a growing number of organized groups, managers’ tasks have gained a lot of meaning and complexity. Since then, the managerial theory has been critical in the management of complex firms.
Therefore, this paper seeks to explore the trends and approaches to the concepts of organization, management, and strategy in the 20th century. TheoriesScientific management theoryThis is a theory that emphasizes the empirical study that is essential in the development of an inclusive management solution. The main aim of the approach’ s theory is to be used by organizational managers in a particular manner (Daft & Lane 2008, pp. 5-8). The most important implication of the scientific management theory is that the manager is basically in charge of enhancing the organization’ s productivity.
The main representative of the approach is Fredrick Winslow Taylor, and Frank and Lillian Gilbreth. In his experiments, Daft & Lane (2008, pp. 5-12) argues that Taylor sought to determine the most appropriate way of operating every work operation, required materials, and work order. According to Taylor, some of the principles of the scientific management theory are the development of the scientific management methodology; managers’ assumption of the responsibility of selection, training, and development of the worker; full cooperation of managers with employees in the effective application of the approach; and involvement of the management of employee’ s work (Daft & Marcic 2011, pp.
24-30). Besides, this approach comprised of a system that was instrumental in the supervision of workers, improvement of work methods, and provision of incentives to workers by use of the piece-rate system.
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