Management principlesLeadership has existed in the world for so many years now. Those who have had a chance to take on the leadership role have relied on their relationship with the people and most have succeeded in influencing them. Leadership is basically the ability to impact and influence people without necessarily commanding them (Snyder and Houghton, 1994). It involves the formulation of a clear goal, communicating the particular vision to other people for them to be convinced to follow at will, providing the procedural methods for executing the vision, and ensuring the coordination and balancing of the various interests of the stakeholders.
Leadership, unlike management, is inherent in an individual and may only be learnt or enhanced through systematic mentoring or couching. This paper seeks to establish a personal leadership plan by describing my preferred style of leadership and the role models who inspire me. Visionary leadership is very essential in an organization since it provides the direction that the workers in the organization need to follow and the dream of the leaders which will make the vision of the company come true.
Visionary leaders are considered a new dawn in the company always working with a lot of imagination, insight and boldness. Such leaders’ present challenges that make the whole organization have a common purpose and a sense of teamwork which is key in meeting the goals of the organization (Hoyle, 2006). Visionary leaders are focused and look things beyond the horizon and not just near at the hand. They are people who can be emulated by the others, always think strategically and see the big picture which is needed for the organization to excel.
In the 21st century, every organization requires application of visionary principles so that the mission and vision of the company can be achieved (Hoyle, 2006). The real and dynamic world today implies the leaders getting into another level in their visionary attitude. There are several views from several people regarding visionary leadership and its application to the real world. Leaders, for instance have a stand on visionary whereas academicians, thinkers and writers have their stand also. Leaders believe that vision is all about a balanced equation involving the mental, emotional, spiritual and physical dimensions.
Gardner and Laskin, (1996) in their book ‘Leading minds: an structure of future leadership’ states that being a visionary leader implies having core values in place, taking an innovative action, empowering relationships in the organization and having a clear vision which can be felt within the organization (Rearick, 2007). There are several styles of leadership that have been practiced by a number of both the famous and the infamous people in the human history. Virtually all leadership styles determine how the leader relates and interacts with the people that are being led.
The most common leadership styles include; autocratic, democratic, charismatic, bureaucratic, laissez-faire, people-oriented, servant leadership, transactional, task-oriented and transformational leadership (Snyder and Houghton, 1994). Although the transformational leadership comes last in this list, it is my most preferred style and I would always pursue it. Most of the styles listed, however, have very little in contrast except for the four major ones which include; authoritarian, bureaucratic, laissez-faire, and democratic styles of leadership.