Module Management Principles According to Henry Fayol, managerial excellence is due to an acquired technical ability by the managers. As such, he developed various theories that are widely accepted by people across the globe. The universally acceptable principles focus on the management approaches that are used in the world, especially in managing businesses. The first principle by Fayol states that managers should engage division of labour in enhancing performance (Bagad 3). Managers should establish a working criterion where each worker has a stated job to carry out on a daily basis.
As such, workers will be dedicated to ensuring they perform the various jobs. On the other hand, the managers are dully concerned with the same matters, which include optimal performance. As such, the managers will insist that each worker should be making consistent improvement, especially through division of labour. Apparently, division of labour enhances productivity, since the workers master the art of doing the same job all over again. As fact, Fayol states that not all workers will be able to perform a variety of jobs. As such, division of labour will be the most appropriate. Fayol’s second principle states that authority and responsibility are inseparable.
They are coexisting factors that should be used in organizations to enhance performance. Fayol states that when a worker is given any responsibility at the workplace, they should also have the authority to control such a responsibility. When workers are only given responsibility, they cannot effectively control the job. This could lead to undesirable results, especially when they do not have control and authority over their responsibilities. Therefore, it is automatically expected that a person will have equal authority when given a certain responsibility in an organization.
The thirds principle explained by Fayol is that discipline is a fundamental aspect in an organization. Fayol states that discipline is an aspect that involves sincerity. Therefore, at the workplace, all the employees and managers should be sincere with their work and enterprise. Therefore, discipline inn Fayol’s context means that all the people in an organization should show utter obedience, respect, and commitment to their work. This will enhance their concentration on their job, which will lead to optimal performance (Bagad 5).
Strangely, Fayol is not an advocate of some aspects that includes warnings, suspensions, and fines at the workplace. He states that these punishments should be avoided, as they can actively affect the discipline of the workers and managers. Though the punishments are rarely awarded, they have a dire effect when it comes to personal discipline. He continues to state that a disciplined workforce does not need threats, as they have internal discipline, which comes automatically. This in the end enhances discipline at the workplace. Fayol states that there is a need to enhance unity of command at the workplace.
This is where an employee only takes orders from a single manager, who is directly responsible for the actions of the employee. As such, the managers are responsible and are held accountable for the employees that work directly under the managers. This aspect ensures the unit of command is appreciated in the workplace at all times. As such, there is limited violation of authority at the workplace. As such, the discipline of the workers is not undermined.
Similarly, the order and decorum in the workplace is maintained at high standards, since there is order in the administration and control of workers. However, when this is not followed, some of the activities are likely to be disorderly (Bagad 7). For instance, when a worker takes orders from different managers, they are likely to make contradicting decisions. This will have dire effects on the orderliness in the organization, as the worker may try to please all the bosses. Fayol states that for an organization to make greater performance there is a need to have unity of direction.
In simple terms, he states that there should be one head, which does all the planning. This means that all the planning for the groups and the entire organization should be directed and controlled by a single person. When groups are involved, they should establish a single plan that will be used in execution of all the tasks in the organization. Fayol states that the organization is supreme, when coma-red to all the workers in the same organization. The ostensible reason for employment in the organization is to focus on the interests of the organization.
Therefore, all the workers should be in a position to work for the interests of the organization. Since the interests of the organization are prioritized, individual interests will be prioritized after the organization’s interests. As such, the workers should steer the organization to the levels the managers want, then steer their individual interests at a later stage (Bagad 8). At times, the employees may overlook the interests of the organization through carelessness, laziness or selfish interests.
Under such circumstances, the performance of the organization is highly jeopardized. This can be harmful to an organization, as it may have a hard time in regaining its stand in establishing its interests. According to Fayol, employees should be motivated by their remuneration. This is a perfect motivation, as they feel indebted to the organization. He states that the wage rates of employees should be fair and satisfactory, as the employees feel the need to continue working in the organization. Under such circumstances, the employees will feel the need to continue working with the organization.
As such, they will focus and concentrate on their work, as they are committed to maintaining the same job. However, when the remuneration is not satisfactory, the employees will lack focus and concentration, as they will constantly look for alternative employment, which offers a higher wage rate. Fayol states that there should be a central point, which controls and directs all other parts of the decentralized organization. Therefore, for better control of the organization, there should be decentralized control in large units, while centralized control focuses on small units.
This will instill organization in the firm, as all the parts of the firm are controlled effectively. Similarly, Fayol states that there should be a scalar chain, which enhances supervision from the top ranks to the lower cadre (Bagad 10). This will enhance flow of information from the top to the bottom and from the bottom to the top. In addition to this, he adds that there should be order in an organization, where there are systematic and proper arrangements of both social and physical factors.
Stauffacher’s leadership context has various principles of management, which should be used in an organization for effective and efficient performance. First, Stauffacher states that a leader should be proficient, while enhancing familiarity with the employees. This is where a leader has to make a lasting relation with the employees. Secondly, Stauffacher states that a leader should seek collective improvement. As such, all the employees should seek to make an improvement, while focusing on the efforts initiated by the leader. A leader that instills improvement by focusing on the least performing employee gears the organization into better performance.
Thirdly, a leader should take responsibility of actions of both the employees and individual actions. The employees literally work under the leader, which makes the actions of the employees a leader’s responsibility (Bagad 14). Similarly, Stauffacher states that there should be a sense of accountability, ownership, and responsibility in a leader. This will ensure there is professionalism in an organization. In addition to this, a leader should perfect communication to all the employees. Principles of management are essential in an organization due to a number of reasons.
First, they enhance order and decorum in an organization. The principles govern both employers and employees, while stating their responsibilities. Secondly, the principles enhance responsibility and accountability, as each person focuses on the responsibilities and authority. As such, the organization is steered to success by both parties. Thirdly, the principles in management ensure there is perfect flow of information in the entire organization. As such, all the people in the organization are informed on any developments, changes, and preferred implementation of strategies. With such conditions, the organization is likely to record an improvement.
Lastly, principles of management enhance professionalism and code of conduct. This ensures all the employees and employers are disciplined and have a respectable code of conduct (Bagad 19). This will have a direct effect on the culture of an organization, especially organizations that want to instill the culture of progress. Lastly, principles of management ensure the employers set an example of a role model to all the other employees in the organization. As such, they perfect the respectable mortals in an organization.
With such morals, the organization is likely to make a step ahead in performance. Work Cited Bagad. V.S. Principles of Management. New York: Technical Publications, 2009. Print.