Essays on Comparison of Management Theorists Thesis

Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing

Any endeavor to understand how modern organizations work without studying Weber’ s work would be deficient because Weber made extensive contributions towards understanding organizations, especially in regard to their sociological, philosophical, and economic structures. Indeed, Weber has widely been regarded as the father of sociology alongside Emile Durkheim (Turner, 1992). Weber’ s contributions are also of great historical importance from a managerial standpoint. The management theory thought out by Weber is known as bureaucracy – an interesting conceptualization of how organizations can be managed efficiently. The theory was derived from his earlier concepts of leadership, power, and authority (Weber, 2009).

Although this concept has come under a great deal of criticism in modern times, it is easy for one to appreciate, by examining its context, that Weber was a revolutionary thinker. Furthermore, in the same manner, that Weber was influenced by the times in which he lived, it would be easy to understand his theories by examining his own personal growth and development. Biography of Max Weber Weber was born in 1864 in the Effort province of Saxony Prussia. He was born the eldest son of Max Weber Senior, a wealthy a prominent public leader in Prussia and Helene Fallestein partly descended from the French Huguenot immigrants who held strong absolutist ideas, His father’ s involvement in politics and academia greatly influenced Weber due to the fact that his father frequently entertained guests in his home where ideas were debated.

Indeed bored in his class by teachers that he viewed as being unimpressive who in turn viewed him as disrespectful, Weber is said to have secretly read all the 40 volumes of Goethe in class, which consequently shaped his thought and methodology later in life.

In addition to this, his father was a patronizing authoritarian who expected absolute obedience from his sons while at the same time his lifestyle brought conflict with his wife who was a devout Calvinist seeking to lead an ascetic life. This bleak environment caused by his parent’ s conflict and his father’ s authoritarianism is also believed to have haunted Weber into his adulthood (Turner, 2002; Gerth & Mills, 2014; Weber, 2009).   Weber went on to enroll in Heidelberg University where he studied economics, medieval history, philosophy, and law and a brief period of military service brought him under the care of his uncle Merman Baumgartner a historian and his wife who was involved in charitable activities.

With his uncle being a liberal who treated Weber as an intellectual peer and his aunt’ s deep sense of social responsibility, the experience created a sharp contrast to the bleak home environment that Weber had grown up in (Turner, 2002; Weber & Heydebrand, 1994). It is probably during this period that Weber began to develop an aversion to the way people mostly gained power and authority through nepotism and accident of birth – factors that Weber considered to be lacking in legitimacy.

Consequently, he began to give serious consideration to thought on how to free the individual from personal judgment, or judgment which was clouded by either emotion or self-interest (Nanda, 2006; Turner, 2002; Weber & Heydebrand, 1994). Career After a brief period as a legal scholar at Heidelberg University and the University of Berlin, Weber rapidly rose through the ranks in his professional career due to his obvious brilliance and high intellectual discipline which he had must have inherited from his Calvinist mother.

He rose to become a full professor at Freiburg University in 1894 and in Heidelberg in 1897. In 1890, Weber had written a comprehensive analysis of the agrarian problems of East Germany for the Union for Social Policy which was one of the country’ s most important academic societies. The high point of his early scholarly career was the 1895 Freiburg inaugural address where he pulled together his study of the agrarian problems of East Germany into a devastating indictment of the Junker class which he viewed as being historically obsolete (Weber, 2009; Turner, 2002).


Allen, K. (2004). Max Weber: A Critical Introduction, 1st ed., Canada: Pluto Press

Barnard, C. I. (1938). The Functions of the Executive. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.

Barnard, C. I. (1968). The functions of the executive (Vol. 11). Cambridge: Harvard university press.

Benowitz, E. (2001). Cliffsquickreview Principles of management. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt.

Bruce, K. (2006). Activist management: Henry S. Dennison's institutional economics. Journal of Economic Issues, 1113-1136.

Chandran, J. P. (1998). The relevance of Chester Barnard for today’s manager. Richard DeVos Graduate School of Management, Northwood University. Retrieved April 15, 2015 from

Childs, J. (2013). Mary Parker Follett. In Witzel, M., & Warner, M. (Eds.), Oxford Handbook of Management Theorists. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Daft, R. L. (2008). New era of management. Ohio: Cengage Learning.

Dennison, H. S. (1925). Business management and professions. Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, 297, 112-117.

Drucker, P. (1995). “Introduction.” In P. Graham (Ed.). Mary Parker Follett: Prophet of Management (pp. 1-9). Cambridge, MA: Harvard Business School Press.

Fayol, H, (1949). General and Industrial Management (trans. C Storrs). London: Pitman.

Feldheim, M. A. (2004). Mary Parker Follett: Lost and found again, and again, and again. International Journal of Organization Theory and Behavior, 7(3), 341-362.

Fells, M. J. (2000). Fayol stands the test of time. Journal of Management History, 6(8), 345-360.

Fernández, S. (2010). Re-discovering Barnard: the functions of the... leader? Highlighting Chester Barnard's contributions for the twenty-first century business executive. Journal of Management History, 16(4), 468-488.

Follett Mary, P. (1949). Essentials of Leadership. NY, Garland Publishing.

Follett, M. P. (1919). Community is a process. The Philosophical Review, 576-588.

Follett, M. P. (2011). Constructive conflict. Sociology of Organizations: Structures and Relationships, 417.

Follett, M. P., & Graham, P. (1996). Mary Parker Follett. Prophet of Management: A Celebration of Writings from the 1920s, Harvard Business School Press, Boston, 68.

Follett, Mary P. (1924). Creative Experience. Bristol, U.K.: Thoemmes

Gabor, A. (2000). The capitalist philosophers: The Geniuses of Modern Business – Their Lives, Times, and Ideas. New York, NY: Random House.

Gabor, A., & Mahoney, J. T. (2013). Chester Barnard and the systems approach to nurturing organizations. The Oxford Handbook of Management Theorists, 134-151.

Gehani, R. R. (2002). Chester Barnard's “executive” and the knowledge-based firm. Management Decision, 40(10), 980-991.

Gerth, H. H., & Mills, C. W. (Eds.). (2014). From Max Weber: essays in sociology. Routledge.

Godfrey, P. C. (1994). The functions of the executive and the republic: Exploring the Platonic roots of Chester Barnard. International Journal of Public Administration, 17(6): 1071-1901.

Graham, Pauline. 1995. Mary Parker Follett: Prophet of management - a celebration of writings from the 1920s. Boston, MA: Harvard Business School Press

Heyl, B.S. (1968). The Harvard “Pareto Circle.” Journal of the History of the Behavioural Sciences, 4(4): 316-334.

Horn, C. A. (1984). Scientific Management-The Basis of Management Services. The Management Services Handbook.

Keith G. (Ed.). (1997). Leadership: Classical, contemporary, and critical approaches. Oxford University Press.

Konopka, G. (1958). Eduard C. Lindeman and Social Work Philosophy. Minneapolis, MN: University of Minnesota Press.

Koontz, H. (1961). The management theory jungle. Academy of Management Journal, 4(3), 174-188.

Koontz, H. (1980). The management theory jungle revisited. Academy of Management Review, 5(2), 175-188.

Kuznetsova, N. V. (2013). Mary Parker Follett-The Prophet of Management.Middle-East Journal of Scientific Research, 17(11), 1555-1559.

Lamond, D. (2003). Henry Mintzberg vs Henri Fayol: Of Lighthouses, Cubists and the Emperor's New Clothes. Journal of Applied Management and Entrepreneurship, 8(4): 5-23.

Levitt, B., & March, J. G. (1990). Chester I. Barnard and the intelligence of learning. Organization theory: From Chester Barnard to the present and beyond, 11-37.

Lounsbury, M., & Carberry, E. J. (2005). From king to court jester? Weber’s fall from grace in organizational theory. Organization studies, 26(4), 501-525.

Mahoney, J. T. (2002). The relevance of Chester I. Barnard's teachings to contemporary management education: communicating the aesthetics of management. International Journal Organization Theory and Behavior, 5(1-2), 159-172.

Mahoney, J.T. (2002) The relevance of Chester I.Barnard’s teaching to contemporary management education: Communicating the aesthetics of management. International Journal of Organization Theory and Bahaviour 5(1): 159-172

McMahon, D., & Carr, J. C. (1999). The contributions of Chester Barnard to strategic management theory. Journal of Management History, 5(5), 228-240.

Metcalf, H.C., & Urwick, L. (1940). Dynamic Administration: The Collected Papers of Mary Parker Follett. New York: Harper & Row, Publishers.

Morton, N. O. R., & Lindquist, S. A. (1997). Revealing the feminist in Mary Parker Follett. Administration & Society, 29(3), 348-371.

Nanda, J. K. (2006). Management Thought. New Delhi: Sarup & Sons.

Nersesian, R. L. (2000). Trends and tools for operations management: An updated guide for executives and managers. New York: Greenwood Publishing Group.

Olsen, J. P. (2006). Maybe it is time to rediscover bureaucracy. Journal of public administration research and theory, 16(1), 1-24.

Parayitam, S., White, M. A., & Hough, J. R. (2002). Juxtaposition of Chester I. Barnard and Frederick W. Taylor: forerunners of management. Management Decision, 40(10), 1003-1012.

Parker, L. D. (1984). Control in organizational life: the contribution of Mary Parker Follett. Academy of Management Review, 9(4), 736-745.

Parsons, T. (1956). Suggestions for a Sociological Approach to the Theory of Organizations-I. Administrative science quarterly, 63-85.

Perrow, C. (1986). Complex Organizations: A Critical Essay. New York, NY: Random House.

Prasad, D. R. (1991). Mary Parker Follett. In Prasad, D. R., Prasad, V. S., & Sathyanarayana, P. (eds) Administrative Thinkers, 108-121.

Schermerhorn Jr, J. R. (2009). Exploring management. London: John Wiley & Sons.

Schermerhorn, J. R. (2011). Introduction to management. London: John Wiley & Sons.

Schilling, M. A. (2000). Decades ahead of her time: advancing stakeholder theory through the ideas of Mary Parker Follett. Journal of Management History, 6(5), 224-242.

Scott, W.G. (1992). Chester Barnard and the Guardians of the Managerial State. Lawrence, KS: University of Kansas Press.

Scott, W.G., & Chester, I. (1992). Barnard and the Guardians of the Managerial State. University of Kansas Press: Lawrence, Kansas.

Shapiro, M. (2003). Toward an evolutionary democracy: The philosophy of Mary Parker Follett. World Futures: The Journal of General Evolution, 59(8), 585-590.

Shepard, W. J. (1924). Creative Experience. By Follett MP. (New York: Longmans, Green and Co. 1924. Pp. xix, 303.). American Political Science Review, 18(03), 617-619.

Simms, M. (2009). Insights from a management prophet: Mary Parker Follett on social entrepreneurship. Business and Society Review, 114(3), 349-363.

Simon, H. A. (1979). Rational decision making in business organizations. The American economic review, 493-513.

Smith, H. W. (1961). From fish to philosopher. Рипол Классик.

Smith, M.K. (2002). Mary Parker Follett and Informal Education. The Encyclopedia of Informal Education. [Online]. Retrieved April 17, 2015 from

Szelényi, I. (2009). Lecture 20 – Webber on Legal Rational Authority. Open Yale Courses [Online]. Available at Accessed 20 April 2015.

Taylor, F. W. (1939). Scientific management. Critical studies in organization and bureaucracy,, 44-54.

Teece, D. J. (1982). Towards an economic theory of the multiproduct firm. Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, 3(1), 39-63.

Thompson, J. D. (2011). Organizations in action: Social science bases of administrative theory (Vol. 1). Transaction publishers.

Thompson, L., & Hastie, R. (1990). Social perception in negotiation. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 47(1), 98-123.

Tonn, Joan C. 2003. Mary P. Follett: Creating democracy, transforming management. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press

Turner, B. S. (1992). Max Weber: From History to modernity. NY: Rutledge.

Turner, S. P. (2002). The Cambridge Companion to Max Weber. NY: Cambridge University Press.

Urwick, (1956). The Golden Book of Management. Newman Lane: London

Urwick, L. (1949). Freedom and co-ordination: Lectures in business organisation by Mary Parker Follett. (2015). The Organization of the Bureaucracy. American Government Online Textbook. Retrieved April 17, 2015 from

Weber M. (1946). From Max Weber: Essays in Sociology. Translated by Gerth H, Mills C W. New York: Oxford University Press.

Weber, M. (2009). From Max Weber: essays in sociology. London: Routledge.

Weber, M., & Heydebrand, W. V. (1994). Sociological writings. New York: Continuum International Publishing Group Ltd.

Williamson, O. E. (1990). Chester Barnard and the incipient science of organization. Organization Theory: From Chester Barnard to the Present and Beyond. Oxford University Press, New York, 172-206.

Wilson, J. Q. (2000). Bureaucracy: What government agencies do and why they do it. New York: Basic Books.

Witzel, M. (2005). Encyclopedia of History of American Management. New York: A&C Black.

Witzel, M., & Warner, M. (Eds.). (2013). The Oxford Handbook of Management Theorists. Oxford University Press.

Wolf, W. B. (1961). Chester I. Barnard (1886–1961). Academy of Management Journal, 4(3), 167-173.

Wolf, W. B. (1974). The basic Barnard: An introduction to Chester I. Barnard and his theories of organization and management (No. 14). Ilr Press.

Wolf, W.B. (1973). Conversations with Chester I. Barnard. California Management Review, 6(1): 89-94

Wolf, W.B. (1994). Understanding Chester I. Barnard . International Journal of Public Administration, 17(6): 1035-1069.

Wolf, W.B. (1994). Understanding Chester I. Barnard. International Journal of Public Administration, 17(6): 1035-1069.

Wolf, W.B. (1995a). The Barnard-Simon connection. Journal of Management History, 1(4): 88-99.

Wolf, W.B. (1995b). Facts and fictions regarding Chester I. Barnard: A review of William G. Scott’s Chester I. Barnard and the Guardians of the Managerial State. International Journal of Public Administration, 18(12): 1859-1904.

Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
Contact Us