The paper 'Management Theory and Practice' is a wonderful example of a Management Assignment. The Principles of Scientific Management refers to specialist work which was developed by Frederick Winslow Taylor. Taylor was a manufacturing manager, a mechanical engineer before venturing into management consultancy. The Principles of scientific management have influenced both administrators and students of management. In the principles of scientific management, Taylor described what in his opinion was the best system of management that was in use at the time he developed his work which was the system of 'initiative and incentive'.
According to Taylor, in the system of initiative and incentive, the management recognized better work with incentives, and these results in workers putting in their best effort. Discussion Taylor's Principles of Scientific Management The scientific management developed by Taylor had four principles. The First principle is that the management develops a science for every element found in a person's work and this in effect replaces the rule of the thumb method. The rule of the thumb principle is one where there is no intention of having it being reliable in all situations.
According to the second principle, the management should, using scientific methods, select, teach, train, and develop a workman unlike previously where the workman would choose the work he did and went ahead to train himself or herself to the best of such employee's ability (Taylor 54). According to the third principle, the management should wholeheartedly cooperate with the employees so that there is an assurance that the work in an organization gets carried out following the scientific principles the management has developed. The fourth principle provides that responsibilities and work ought to be shared on an almost equal basis (Taylor 55).
Therefore, the management should carry out all the responsibilities where it is in a better position than the workers. This is a departure from the past where ordinary men were expected to shoulder the greater part of the responsibility and almost all the work. The workplace can use Taylor's principles to improve student registration. The first step would be to come up with the processes that are required for the registration process to be successful. The second principle would be applied by selecting candidates who have the requisite interpersonal as well as technical skills relevant to the registration process.
Where the need is, the employees should upgrade their skills. The organization should offer all the necessary support to the members of staff who are involved in the registration process and finally ensure that the members of support involved in the registration are not unfairly overburdened. Contingency Management Theory Contingency theory states that there can never be what would be referred to as the best way through which a corporation can be organized, decisions made, or even in leading a company.
According to contingency theory, the best course of action is arrived at based on both an internal and an external situation. A number of contingency approaches exist and they were developed in the 1960s. In these approaches, it was suggested that some theories that had been proposed before such as Taylor's scientific management and Weber's bureaucracy did not succeed since they disregarded the fact that various environmental aspects, contingency factors, do affect the organizational structure and the management style that should be adopted.
Cole Gerald. Management Theory and Practice. New York: Cengage Learning EMEA, 2004. Print.
Cole Kris. Management: Theory and Practice. Sydney: Pearson Education Australia, 2009. Print.
Taylor, Frederick. The Principles of Scientific Management. New York: Harper & Brothers, 1911. Print.