The paper "Managing Culturally Diverse Workplace " is an outstanding example of management coursework. Australia’ s assimilation policy seeks that every individual of Aboriginal descent will have to achieve a similar living standard to that of other non-aboriginal Australians as well as living as members of one Australian community (Zeldenryk, 2006). Basically, cultural assimilation can be defined as the process through which an individual or a language of a group and/or culture ends up resembling those of a different group (Caytas, 2012). In this case, assimilation is utilised to connote both groups as well as individuals, and with regard to culture, it can connote either native inhabitants who end up being culturally conquered by a different society or immigrant Diasporas.
The other concept, integration signifies the process whereby one culture gets products, technologies and ideas of another culture. Multiculturalism, on the other hand, exemplifies an ethic of recognition of, as well as admiration for, inclusion, community harmony, and cultural diversity (Collins, 2013). Multiculturalism was initially utilised in Switzerland (1957) to explain the different cultures’ mosaic and since then it has been extensively utilised within linguistically, culturally, and ethnically diverse societies.
In this case, multiculturalism can be defined as communities’ cultural diversity within a certain society as well as the policies enacted to support this diversity. The report seeks to define the concepts of assimilation, integration and multiculturalism as they apply to immigration policies in Australia, and explain the differences between these concepts when applied to recruitment, retention, training or promotion. Discussion Concepts Review from immigration policies perspective Australia’ s immigration policy on assimilation connotes that all indigenous groups together with part-Aborigines must achieve the same living standard as other Australians.
So as to make a single community from different cultures, all enjoying equal privileges as well as rights, acknowledging the similar customs as other Australians (Castles et al. , 2012). Assimilation policies which cruelly affected aboriginal Australians consisted of separate schooling for indigenous children, alcohol prohibitions, town curfews, poor salary and lack of social security, State protection of every Aboriginal child as well as laws which isolated aboriginal persons making them live in remote and inaccessible areas. An additional major characteristic of the Australian assimilation policy was increasing the aggressive removal of aboriginal children from their families as well as their posting them in foster homes or white institutions (van Krieken, 2004).
Since the start of the 21st century, the Australian government's uncompromising policies to prevent illegal entrance by immigrants coming with unseaworthy vessels have been a subject of intense debate both domestically and internationally. However, Flanagan (2014) argue that to crack down on this somewhat tiny number of purported boat-people is to ignore the far bigger numbers of short-term and permanent immigrants whose entrance in Australia has made certain the ongoing growth of Australia's diverse populace.
At the moment, Australia is facing competing cultural, political, and economic forces. A number of groups, particularly the hospitality sector, intend to ease easy access for temporary movements of skilled human resources as well as tourists, in order to attract skilful immigrants. However, other sectors have expressed concern concerning sustainable development, cultural identity in addition to, progressively more security threats brought about by assimilation. Therefore, in such an environment, creating harmony around assimilation issues remains to be a setback for policymakers in Australia.
Evidently, by late 60s, policies of assimilation were unsuccessful in addressing the increasing difficulties and disadvantages amongst immigrants who could not speak English, igniting mounting pressures amongst service providers as well as the freshly naturalised immigrants (Inglis, 2004). Consequently, policies of assimilation were finally substituted by integration policy.
Castles, S., Vasta, E., & Ozkul, D. (2012). The internal dynamics of migration processes and their consequences for Australian government migration policies. University of Sydney. Sydney: Department of Immigration and Citizenship.
Caytas, J. D. (2012). Conundrum of an Immigrant: Assimilation versus Cultural Preservation. Journal of Identity and Migration Studies, 6(2), 36-54.
Chui, W. H., & Wilson, J. (2006). Social Work and Human Services Best Practice. Sydney: The Federation Press.
Collins, J. (2013). Multiculturalism and Immigrant Integration in Australia. Canadian Ethnic Studies, 45(3), 133 - 149 .
Flanagan, R. (2014, February 28). Australia's boat people crisis. Retrieved from The Saturday Paper: http://www.thesaturdaypaper.com.au/opinion/topic/2014/02/28/australias-boat-people-crisis/1393555275
Inglis, C. (2004, August 1). Australia's Continuing Transformation. Retrieved from Migration Policy Institute: http://www.migrationpolicy.org/article/australias-continuing-transformation
Reynolds, D., Rahman, I., & Bradetich, S. (2013). Hotel managers’ perceptions of the value of diversity training: an empirical investigation. International Journal of Contemporary Hospitality Management, 26(3), 426-446.
Sourouklis, C., & Tsagdis, D. (2013). Workforce diversity and hotel performance: a systematic review and synthesis of the international empirical evidence. International journal of hospitality management, 34, 394 - 403 .
van Krieken, R. (2004). Rethinking Cultural Genocide: Aboriginal Child Removal and Settler-Colonial State Formation. Oceania, 75(2), 125 - 151 .
Zeldenryk, L. (2006). Occupational deprivation: A consequence of Australia's policy of assimilation. Australian Occupational Therapy Journal, 53(1), 43 - 46.