The paper 'Managing Equality & Diversity at Work" is a perfect example of gender and sexual studies coursework. In today’ s business world, women represent over 40% of the entire workforce. This is because; more women have access to primary, secondary and even university education. This has in return offered them job opportunities that are much better than in the past. In third world countries, the women that are in paid employment approximate to 60% while in developed countries, the rate is at 70%. Women have therefore turned out to be more independent and their roles in their families, as well as the society, have changed drastically (Greene et al, 2005).
In addition, more women are seen to be gaining political power over the years. For instance, the number of women in parliament increased by 73 % between the year 1995 and 2000. However, despite the progress that the women have made in attaining higher education and climbing the professional ladder, they continue to earn less income compared to the men. Notably, the men are still the majority in employment that is paid and are the holders of major managerial posts.
In the year 2010 for instance, out of the 151 head of states that had been elected, only 9 were women (United Nations Summit, 2010). This paper is going to expound on what had caused the women to be disadvantaged in employment in the past and how they have managed to increase in numbers in the paid workforce globally. It is also going to discuss in detail why they have continued to be paid less than the men and give recommendations on how equality can be enhanced as well as point out the ways in which gender diversity can be reduced in the working place. About four decades ago, due to religious, educational and social-cultural norms of then, women rarely engaged in professional work.
They were mostly employed as domestic workers, crop pickers, tailors and office clerks. However, after the enactment of higher education and equal opportunities acts in the majority of the countries globally more women have attained higher levels of education. This has in return caused them to gradually attain more important jobs and their role in the workplace has significantly become greater. In as much as the majority of the women have successfully attained higher education qualifications, they are still facing adverse challenges in the labor market in their attempt to attain promotions or economic growth.
In most cases, their level of education does not correspond with their level of pay. One of the greatest causes of the continuing gap in gender pay, where the women are earning less than the men is motherhood (Rubery et al, 2002). Due to their parenthoods responsibilities, they are considered not to be giving their maximum output at the workplace.
This is because; employers perceive that, a woman is likely to work part-time or even quit her job the moment she gets children to take care of. Working part-time will cause them to earn a lesser pay than the one they would have received if they were working on a full-time basis. This means that a woman’ s level of commitment to her job is likely to be compromised at some point.
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