The paper "The Making and Unmaking of the Third World" is a great example of a Management Case Study. Retail business is a business that is involved in the task of offering goods and services to the last consumer. This is the most essential part of the production as it makes profitability and sustainability to climb up the steps of production to the producing company. This is, therefore, the part of the production process which is involved in making sure that there is the satisfaction of the customers through value addition and also offering quality customer services.
They are also involved in channeling information from the customers to the producers to enable changes and better productivity. Exploitation in еру third world This is whereby companies deal unfairly with the people who work with them in the industry. These lead to too many negative effects on their health and to their psychological behavior. Companies have been found to exploit workers and in less developed workers in many ways as shown below. Relatively long working hours One of the ways of which multinational companies operating in less developed companies do is to make people work for very long hours without rest.
This is against international human rights and it is less applied in these less developed countries because law enforcers there do not want to lose the investors and also they are fighting other factors that kill their economy like corruption and so on. These companies therefore with the sole motive of earning maximum profits and also making productivity go up (Muller, 1982). These companies, therefore, make it hard for this person working in their factories to get time for their families and social life in general.
This will thus lead to broken marriages and also it may lead to a generation that lacks quality parental quittance as the parents are busily engaged in work and cannot be there for their kids. The longer the time that people work without rest also may mean health and thus inactivity in the building of their county. Unreasonably low salaries Another way of exploitation that global companies do apply in undeveloped countries is the payment of low wages to workers (Sardar, 1988).
These companies migrate to countries where laws on wage limit are not very strict which make the companies leave their countries of origin like USA and Europe where wage bills and laws are tight to be able to go and produce in less developed countries mainly in southern Asia and Africa. With the cheap access to labor, these companies gain a lot of profits and competitive advantage in the market as they are able to be sustainable and also increase profitability. These factors are very positive in the side of the companies but the problem comes when the lives of the employees involved come into the picture.
This includes poor living standards as the people living under low wages cannot be able to pay bills and pay for expensive lives. These factors will force them to live under poor housing because they have no sufficient funds to purchase or pay rent for good houses and thus they find themselves in housing conditions which are inhumane and expose them to many dangers like murder by killers, diseases like malaria and pneumonia and other dangerous factors like exposure to fire breakouts and other accidents as these people find themselves in a condition in which they live in the same room and cook in the same room which is dangerous to their lives (Escobar, 2011).
On the other side, the people working for these multinational companies find themselves in very unstable conditions and thus they may also not be able to access clean drinking water thus their living conditions will be worse. The companies should, therefore, make sure that they change the conditions which apply to their workers in order to make sure that their welfare is kept strong and worthy.
Muller, M., 1982. The Health of Nations: An Investigation of the Pharmaceutical Industry's Exploitation of the Third World for Profit.
Sardar, Z. ed., 1988. The revenge of Athena: Science, exploitation and the Third World (p. 1). London: Mansell.
Escobar, A., 2011. Encountering development: The making and unmaking of the Third World. Princeton University Press.
Mohanty, C.T., 1997. Women workers and capitalist scripts: Ideologies of domination, common interests, and the politics of solidarity (pp. 3-19). na.
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