Family health assessmentIntroductionA family is as a system with biological, psychological, and social aspects. This understanding is of significance. The family plays an important role in supporting and upholding health of the family members. The family also provides both physical and emotional support to members. Since its inception, the nursing profession has consistently acknowledged the importance of the family in relation to health. Family focus form an essential part of the nursing practice since the health and illness is learnt in the context of the family behavior. When one or more member of the family experience health related issues it affects the whole family.
Society survival is pivoted in the health and wellbeing of the members of the family where the maintenance and restoration is vital (Harmon Hanson & Thalman Boyd, 1996). The family theory is value-laden and reportedly varying over time in response to changes in major concepts, values and social developments. Family seems to be described according to what they look like of what they do. A family may also be defined as any combinations of two or more persons who are related by virtue of ties that bind them together by mutual consent, birth, adoption, and placement and together they assume duties for various combinations for physical being and care of the group members. The family developmental theory is an example of multi-dimension advancement in the study of family and its related issues which is important in clarifying the causes of the pattern changes experienced by the family members as they live.
The theory also explores the dynamics of the family and how adjustments happen in the family life cycle.
The family group is governed by the social norms that organize and control them. There are a quite another of tools that can be used family health assessment. The Calgary Family Assessment Model (CFAM) is made up of three main areas of assessment: family unit structures and we here we explore the internal, the external and contextual; the family development stage captures the stages of development, the tasks assigned to members and finally the functional status, this encompasses instrumentals such as activities of daily living and expressive that is made up of the problem solving, communication, roles, the power, norms and beliefs, coalitions and alliances.
Areas of great importance are explored deeper during the assessment and also that depends with the circumstances of a particular family. The genogram and ecomap are the two common tools used in family evaluation. The tools highlight the picture of the family generational and intergenerational associations and also identify the connections within families. The tools also indicate the relationship within families and the outside world. In the case of the family health assessment, a lot has been considered to be taken for granted by the professionals when dealing with the clients, as helping professionals in the health sector it is essential to make it clear to the patients so that there is understanding of what is happening.
The possible outcome of any assumption is to dehumanize patients not because of one being unsympathetic, but because wrong assumptions are made about the patients' knowledge of the way we work. (McConnell, Campbell, & Nelso, 2001) To address such kind of occurrences, in every move during the family assessment interview, we honestly share our consideration of what has transpired with the family; we ensure that the family understands our reported observations and concurs with them, and we get their blessing to go on before proceeding.
This step will ensure the collaboration is courteous, involves the family, and there is clarity of what their role is in the process. This leads to the orientation stage where it is clearly stated to the family members what their role is in the assessment process.