The paper 'Organization Behavior Module' is a great example of a Management Assignment. Organizations are a constituent of informal and formal rules coordinating the actions of numerous people. However, how organizations ensure that these people having diverse backgrounds, interests, and understandings comply with the respective rules is what holds as astonishing. Raising questions of organization management means that the way forward is to look into organizational power, politics, and narrowing down to how the two concepts of the organization influence the decision-making process (National Defense University). Power is the ideal concept encompassing the processes, mechanisms, and dispositions, which try, not successfully always, to ensure that persons within the organization act according to the stipulated rules.
Hence, power holds as a critical concept in both theory and management practice, therefore, an influential factor when it comes to decision-making (Kreitner and Kinicki 2001). Organizational politics, on the other hand, are an intrinsic and inescapable reality. Organizational politics intricately wolves with the management system of the organization that processes, relationships, norms, performance, and outcomes of decision making in that organization are influenced hugely and affected by politics. Organizational politics entails self-serving or relatively, manipulative behavior of peoples or groups in an organization in promoting their self-interests ideally at the expense of others (National Defense University).
This even goes to the extent of compromising organizational goals. Through such politics individuals in the organization structure decision making processes to go their way and to benefit them. It is from the politics within the organization that sometimes it becomes difficult even to reach certain decisions, which are critical for the operations of the organization. This is why in the 21st century where decision making in organizations needs to be sound and helpful, organizations have to create political awareness, as well as skill (National Defense University).
With these, the organization is able to avoid facing the inevitable prospect of ideally becoming immersed specifically in parochial politics, bureaucratic infighting, and destructive power struggles that profoundly retard organizational morale, initiative, innovation, and performance (Kreitner and Kinicki 2001). Organizational politics and power manifest itself through personal conflicts, leadership, the struggle for resources, and competition for power and tactical influence ideally executed by people or groups in a motive to attain power, and in building personal stature, as well as control information access and build coalitions (Kreitner and Kinicki 2001).
These are the main areas in the organization of which these affect how it proceeds with its operations. The whole concept determines what decisions come around in the management of the organization as well as the teams involved in the respective sectors of an organization. Politics and power, therefore, have a greater role to play in affecting the decision-making process and facilitating the decisions made (National Defense University).
In affecting decision-making, politics, and power within an organization help in mobilizing support for a decision, inspiring the decision-making teams, individuals, or people to make decisions. It is, therefore, arguable that organizational politics and power influence decision making in organizations by either making the decision making the process faster or slower. It also influences the type of decisions made, who benefits from the same, and finally, it determines the final say in passing decisions within an organization.
Charles, J 2010, Five Barriers to Effective Learning in Organizations, 2010 April 7, from, http://charles-jennings.blogspot.com/2010/04/five-barriers-to-effective-learning-in.html, retrieved on 21 July 21, 2010
David, D 2009, Factors affecting the performance of employees in an organization, 2009 July 25 from, http://www.saching.com/Article/Factors-affecting-the-performance-of-employees-in-an-organization/3277, retrieved on July 21, 2010
Kreitner and Kinicki 2001, Effects of Organizational Power and Politics” in Influence, Tactics, Empowerment, and Politics, Organizational Behavior, Fifth Edition, the McGraw-Hill Companies, from, http://www.scribd.com/doc/28932957/Effects-of-Organizational-Power-and-Politics
Leigh, Z 2006, Assessing Organizational Culture in a Private Hospital in the Western Cape, from, http://webcache.googleusercontent.com/search?q=cache:_Ou2An1hIssJ:etd.uwc.ac.za/usrfiles/modules/etd/docs/etd_gen8Srv25Nme4_8714_1182227222.pdf+assessing+organisational+culture&hl=en&gl=ke
Michael, P. and Nick, O 1982, Communication and Organizational Cultures, Western Journal of Communication 46 (Spring 1982) 115-13, from, http://webcache.googleusercontent.com/search?q=cache:jjL9k2WLdZAJ:wms-soros.mngt.waikato.ac.nz/NR/rdonlyres/ea7iql3xy4kntt7i7wogh3dtk3ayuaiwgynvfhq27vrzxhy4qehuivwt3fmk65kiw6smm7hx5lzezp/Assessingorganizationalculture.pdf+assessing+organisational+culture&hl=en&gl=ke
National Defense University, Strategic Leadership and Decision Making: leveraging power and politics, from, http://www.au.af.mil/au/awc/awcgate/ndu/strat-ldr-dm/pt4ch17.html