Essays on Production and Consumption of Mobile Phone Products and Services Coursework

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The paper "Production and Consumption of Mobile Phone Products and Services" is a good example of business coursework. The use of mobile phones has increased globally. Roughly, over 6.7 billion people across the globe use mobile phones (GSM, 2009). The figure is a rough estimate and is therefore bound to exponentially increase as people populate and thus the need to acquire more phones (GSM, 2009). The mobile phone producers keep on innovating new products causing a shift in customer demands; the customers see the need to upgrade to the new models in the market that are proven to be efficient and fashionable to some extent, thanks to the attractive advertisement and promotion of mobile phone products (GSM, 2009).

As a result, the rate at which mobile phones get obsolete and thus disposal is very fast. When people get no use of mobile phones, especially being that they are not recyclable, the only best way is to dispose of them in trash bags that find their way into dumpsites. The ultimate destination even of the well discarded mobile sets is the landfills.

It is a known fact that mobile phones are non-biodegradable, meaning that whatsoever time they take in the soil, they will not decompose. Mobile phones are known to release toxic chemicals that end up in the environment when they are carelessly or even carefully discarded. The statistical projection of the increase in the number of mobile phones that are obsolete and unused phones poses a threat to the environment. This essay will look into the production and consumption of mobile phone services and products and then relate this to environmental degradation that is bound to happen to result from the two aspects. Production and Consumption of Mobile Phone Products and Services Mobile phones have become the most central objects in the life of normal human beings.

They serve to connect people to their loved ones, enhance business communications and transactions, institute intelligent behaviors, learning channels, and give citizens the voice to air their concerns especially in nations where phones are the only best way possible that people can use to spread information. Pasternack (2009) asserts that the ration of the existence of mobile phones among the population of the world is very high.

There are two cell phones in use for every three people randomly selected on earth. Despite the slow pace at which production of mobile devices brought in by the economic crisis, the mobile phones still experience a high turnover rate compared to any other product in the global market (Pasternack, 2009). An average person uses a mobile phone for only eighteen months or about 12 months in the United States, this compared to the lifespan of the phone that is roughly five years, reflects the rate at which phones get disposed or unused.

There are about 3.5 million cell phones that are in use each day across the globe (Pasternack, 2009). This, in essence, represents half of the global population. The number of people who have subscribed for mobile phone services is about 4.2 billion, which is almost three and a half times the total sum of computers in use across the globe. China is the world’ s largest cell phone producer and represents a large number of mobile phone ownership.

The number of mobile phone owners in China is about 700 million. India has almost 445 million mobile phones and then the United States 271 billion (Pasternack, 2009). About 100 million mobile phones are thrown away in Europe annually, 50 million phones bought in the UK alone annually. The number of phones that are idly lying in the drawers in households across the UK is around 11, 250 tones. The rate at which people replace phones in the UK still stands at 18 months. Statistics indicate that in the UK, only 15% of the mobile handsets are carefully disposed and thus recycled.

The estimated amount of carbon dioxide used to make a 90g phone is about 36kg (Pasternack, 2009; GSM, 2009). The number of mobile phone users for internet purposes has risen to 23 million in the US alone. Similarly, those using text services in the US still remain at 3 million. One trillion dollars was recorded as revenue in the telecommunication industry doubling that of advertising and computer sales (Pasternack, 2009). This in itself reflects the increase in the number of mobile phone consumers in the world. As of May 2014, The International Telecommunication Union noticed that the number of mobile phone subscribers across the globe was 7 billion this compared to the previous statistics represent a sharp rise in the number of subscribers (Pasternack, 2009).

The trend in increase is as follows; 2011-5.9 billion; 2012-6.2 billion; 2013-6.7 billion; 2014-7.1 billion. It is therefore evident that the number of subscribers is ever increasing. The sum of mobile subscriptions in the developed countries is rapidly increasing and nearing the saturation point.

There are about 1.5 billion increase annually subscribers in the developed nations. The growth of economies of the developing world has created a market and thus demand mobile phones especially in China and India. There are an estimated 5.4 billion users in the developing nation which accounts for 78% of the total global consumption. The penetration of mobile phones in the developing nations’ market is 90.2% even though there is still a marked potential growth particularly in Africa where the rate of penetration is still 64%. The mobile factbook predicts that there will be about 8.5 billion by the end of 2016.

When Apple released its iPhone 4S, the sales were eating 4 million in the first week this was even better performance compared to the sales when the iPhone was launched that was 1.7 million. This not only reflects success but the effects that come along in the soil, air and water (environment). According to Palmer (2011) in 2007 Americans trashed over 127 million mobile phones replacing them with new capable smartphones. This widely contributed to the global electronic waste as well as the degradation of the environment.

Bibliography

GSM, 2009, “Environmental Impact of Mobile Communications Devices”, Mobile Technology, Health and the Environment, Viewed 13th January 2015, http://www.gsma.com/publicpolicy/wpcontent/uploads/2012/03/environmobiledevice s.pd f

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Lim, S.R & Schoenung, J.M 2010, “Toxicity potentials from waste cellular phones, and a waste management policy integrating consumer, corporate, and government responsibilities”, Waste Management, Vol.30, no.3, p.1653-1660.

Li, X., Ortiz, P., Kuczenski, B., Franklin, D., & Chong, F.T., 2012. “Mitigating the Environmental Impacts of Smartphones with Devices Reuse”, Information Science Reference, p252-282.

Palmer, B. 2011, October 31. Replacing olds smartphones with newer models creates environmental problems - The Washington Post. Retrieved from http://www.washingtonpost.com/national/health-science/replacing-olds-smartphones-with-newer-models-creates-environmental-problems/2011/10/24/gIQAaXzrZM_story.html

Pasternack, A., 2009, September 3. The Environmental Costs (and Benefits) of Our Cell Phones : TreeHugger. Retrieved from http://www.treehugger.com/clean- technology/the-environmental-costs-and-benefits-of-our-cell-phones.html

Smith, A., Vob, J. P., & Grin, J. 2010. “Innovation studies and sustainability transitions: the allure of the multi-level perspective and its challenges”. Research policy, 39(4), 435-448.

Microsoft. 2015. Responsible supply chain - Microsoft - Global. Retrieved from http://www.microsoft.com/en/mobile/about-us/people-and-planet/supply-chain/supply-chain/

Thomas, B., 2004. Minimising Impact: How legislation and sustainable design can reduce the environmental cost of a mobile phone. Masters Thesis (Masters). Bournemouth University. Retrieved from: http://eprints.bournemouth.ac.uk/14546/1/MSc%2DThesis.pdf

Yu, J., Williams, E., & Ju, M. 2010. Analysis of material and energy consumption of mobile phones in China. Energy Policy. doi:10.1016/j.enpol.2010.03.041

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