Generally, the paper "Scientific Principles and Management " is a great example of management coursework. Managers understand products are being transformed by new technologies, business processes, and markets, resulting in revolutionising entire industries, and business environment (Freeman, 2017). However, as new technologies continue to emerge as a competition factor, so does the emphasis on education classes for executive, managerial books, seminars for corporate training, motivation for employees, and change management increases. This simply means that the more there is reshaping of business essence by science and technology, the less the concept of management itself as science appears to be useful (Freeman, 2017).
To management, the conventional scientific approach assured managers with the capability to examine, predict, and influence the behaviour of their firms. Nonetheless, the current managers often seem to be uncontrollable, unpredictable and uncertain (Uddin and Hossain, 2015). The management challenges sit less in the scientific approach shortcomings than in the understanding of science by managers. However, the modern firm will perform much better if they adopt and develop the progressive aspects of the scientific approach by avoiding its outdated principles. What the majority of business managers refer to as scientific management is found on a scientific hypothesis that very few modern scientists will agree with (Uddin and Hossain, 2015).
Additionally, as much as the current business leaders have become engrossed with the instability of the business world, so does the scientists also have been engrossed with natural environmental instability with the dynamics of unstable and unpredictable systems in the world. In recent past, for instance, Compaq Computer was the best choice for everybody and better positioned to battle it out with a well-established, IBM.
Though that occurred before clone-makers of mail-order like Northgate and Dell made their rival (Freeman, 2017). Compaq is now a sluggish giant despite its recent formation, and it is faced with a challenge of re-establishing itself in a highly competitive business environment (Freeman, 2017). The conventional principles of scientific management approach are useless in the face of the current volatile and dynamic world of business. Also, to the practical concerns of managers, science seems to be less relevant. Unlike the traditional scientists who focused on control, analysis and prediction, modern science put emphasis on the chaos and complexity (Freeman, 2017).
Currently, scientists are preoccupied with the development of an authoritative account of the means to effectively cope with rapid change and uncertainty (Freeman, 2017). In this preoccupation lies an opportunity for beneficial discussion between the world of science and the world of management. The organisational behaviours that many firms are struggling to encourage have fascinating parallels with the modern complex behaviour described by scientific research (Freeman, 2017). To the managers, science has been viewed as a technological innovation source.
However, science can also provide the business with new ways of perceiving the world. 2.0 Theoretical Approaches 2.1 Scientific Management Approach, Applications and shortcomings Taylorism also known as Scientific Management is a theory for management that studies workflows to increase economic performance, with most of its focus on the production of labour (Freeman, 2017). The theory was developed by Winslow Taylor, and it was most prevalent in the 1880s and 1890s, especially in the manufacturing industries (Uddin and Hossain, 2015). Significant factors of this theory include logic, analysis, efficiency, waste elimination, work ethics, and rationality (Freeman, 2017).
All the mentioned factors do not focus on variations among employees or behavioural qualities but worker’ s efficiency.