The paper "What Is Motivation" is a wonderful example of a case study on management. The application of psychological theories in the management of human resources at the workplace is a common occurrence given the fact that these theories are aimed primarily at understanding human behavior and trying to find the best possible solution to dealing with behavior that is unacceptable or ungainly (Nelson and Quick, 2004). Chief among these theories is the motivation theories given the fact that these attempt to shed light on the structures, reasons, and meaning of behavior besides attempting to put forward solutions to problematic concerns.
These theories could well be divided into three essential categories- the process theories, the content theories, and the reinforcement theories (Huczynski and Buchanan, 2007). The process theories consist of theories like equity theory also known as the goal path theory (Robert House) and the expectancy theory (Victor Vroom). These theories focus on the cause-effect equation with respect to motivation and behavior. The content theories on the other hand range from the Hierarchy of Needs Theory (Abraham Maslow), the Two-Factor Theory (Frederick Herzberg), and the Acquired Needs Theory (David McClelland).
These theories focus primarily on satisfaction and related motivation quotients. The reinforcement theories finally are based on the works of B. F. Skinner and Ivan Pavlov and focus on the reward and punishment principle. Executive Summary: The following is an attempt to integrate these various theories and apply them in an interpretative manner that would help in solving an issue at the workplace in the most practical manner possible. The idea will basically be to apply the concepts of management to the theoretical outlines that have been provided by these scholars so that one could understand the best manner of dealing with an issue that negatively affects productivity at the workplace. The Issue: The problem at hand is one that affects many a company-irrespective of its size in one way or another at some point in its business life cycle or another.
The issue is that of chronic latecomers in Tata Consultancy Services, a consulting company and software services headquartered in Mumbai, India. The first issue is the latecomers. Due to late coming employees, the efficiency of a company is falling and deadlines are not being met.