The paper 'Primary Healthcare Needs Analysis in the UAE' is a good example of a Management Case Study. Primary Health Care, which is often abbreviated as ‘ PHC’ , is the essential health care that is based on socially acceptable, scientifically sound, and practical methods that have to be accessed by all families and individuals in the community (Thomas-MacLean et al. , 2009). It aims at full participation of every member of the country or community in health care so that the aspect of health becomes equity producing social policy. It is important to note that PHC involves all areas that are crucial in health such as environment, lifestyle, and accessibility to health services.
This model (of PHC) came into being after the announcement of the International Conference on Primary Health Care in Alma Ata in 1978 and has by then become the core goal of WHO to attain the objective of “ Health for All” (Ministry of Health (UAE), 2014b; WHO, 2014). The United Arab Emirates (UAE) is composed of seven emirates (Ajman, Abu Dhabi, Fujairah, Dubai, Ras Al Khaimah, Umm Al-Quwain, and Sharjah).
Due to the booming oil industry, the country has been experiencing significant industrial and economic growth; spearheaded by aviation, petroleum, construction, maritime, and health care industries. Consequently, the population of the country has been increasing steadily, for the past four decades due to the immigration of workers because of massive recruitments of expatriates from abroad by the UAE industries (WHO, 2006). In fact, this immigration has complicated the population structure of the whole country: only 11 % of the population represents UAE citizens while the rest is represented by varying nationalities. In this regard, therefore one should expect the whole multinational population to have portions that vary in educational backgrounds, cultural practices, and religious beliefs, which pose challenges to the Primary Health Care strategies (Yeboa, 2007). Being a country where temperatures can reach 50C, foreign nationals are likely to encounter common health problems such as sunburn, heatstroke, and dehydration.
Respiratory problems are likely to be aggravated by dust and sand within the air because of the ongoing construction projects. The government has also put it clear that swine flu threat remains a problem, and therefore visitors need checks of updates regarding areas where they are located.
The other problem is that the government is privatizing its health sector and it is even encouraging private players to open more primary health care centers. This has caused medical bills to go up, to a standard that analysts say is comparable to the European one (Expert Health, 2014). This is likely to be quite expensive for foreigners, especially those that come from relatively poor countries. Although some emirates like Dubai and the country as a whole have been emphasizing very much on the importance of the PHC programs, many UAE nationals and white-collar expatriates are bypassing them and going to health specialists for care.
Therefore this report will try to explain the challenges the country’ s PHC system faces so that necessary solutions can be drawn to maintain the balance between service demand and supply for efficiency and quality assurance (Ministry of Health (UAE), 2014a).
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