The paper "The Field of Organizational Behaviour " is a great example of management coursework. Organizational behaviour can be defined simply as that field of study which focuses on the impact faced by the organization through the behaviour of the individuals, structures and groups present within that organization. The information gathered through organizational behaviour study is then utilized for the purpose of improving the effectiveness of the particular organization (Verbeke W, Volgering M, Hessels M, 1998) Organizational behaviour is primarily associated with the study of individuals, teams and structures in order to improve the organization.
It relates to what people do in the organization, how everything functions, how the culture is etc, with the crux of it being related to behavioural study in employee’ s situations (Verbeke W, Volgering M, Hessels M, 1998) There are various elements of study within organizational behaviour including motivation and leadership, behavioural and power study, the study of interpersonal and intrapersonal communication, learning, development, perception, interpersonal conflict, change management and process of change, stress and other work-related issues. These entire elements combine together to form the study of behaviour of employees, termed as organizational behaviour.
(Verbeke W, Volgering M, Hessels M, 1998) There is a multitude of fields that combine to form the study of organizational behaviour. Such fields include psychology, sociology, social psychology, anthropology and political sciences. Each field contributes towards the learning and theoretical knowledge of individuals, groups and organizational systems. (Verbeke W, Volgering M, Hessels M, 1998) The Role of Managers in the Organization Managers are those people in the organization who are supposed to get things done. They are responsible for the tasks to be performed and the objectives to be achieved.
An organization is a unit of two or more people working towards a particular business or economic objective. A manager focuses on a few important activities. (Hersey, P. Blanchard, K.H, 1996; Mullins, L, 2004) These activities include: Planning: at this stage, the manager develops goals and objectives to be achieved, and the strategy on how to follow the goals and achieve the milestones. Organizing: This involves assigning tasks and responsibilities and providing authority to achieve the tasks, to the employees. Leading: leading involves a lot of activities including motivating employees, conflict resolution and choosing communication channels that allow easy and effective communication. Controlling: controlling activity primarily pertains to measurement of performance and aligning the goals and objectives to the performance criteria or key performance indicators. (Hersey, P.
Blanchard, K.H, 1996; Mullins, L, 2004) These activities form the basis of a manager’ s job responsibility. Building an ethical climate in the organization requires all four of these activities to be performed by the manager. Organizational behaviour also plays a major role in building an ethically healthy climate within the organization. (Hersey, P. Blanchard, K.H, 1996; Mullins, L, 2004) Linking Management and Organizational Behaviour Organizational behaviour as explained above deals with basically the behavioural element of employees and how it can be improved in order to improve the profitability and results of the organization.
Organizational behaviour deals with the study to improve the intangible elements of the organization like corporate culture, intergroup behaviour, conflict management and communication. In this case, organizational behaviour theories and knowledge can be applied to these elements of the organization for improving the efficiency and effectiveness of the employees. (Victor, B, Cullen, J.B, 1988; Child, J, 1973)