The paper "The Impact of Stress on Productivity and Individual Well-Being - Workplace Bullying" is an outstanding example of a management assignment. Stress is commonplace in most workplaces. Ideally, the challenges and demands placed on individuals in work-related activities subject them to stress, which can either boost their productivity and enhance their wellbeing or do the exact opposite. As Karren et al. (2006, p. 44) note, there is a difference between good stress, which is also known as eustress and the bad stress, which is known as distress. Eustress occurs when individuals are curious about their work-related roles, satisfied and in love with different aspects of their work-life (Karren et al. , 2006, p. 44).
Such positive experiences enable people to register improved productivity and enhanced physical wellbeing. On the other hand, however, distress is the negative form of stress, which occurs when people do not love their job, are dissatisfied, or when they are bored or unenthusiastic to perform a specific job (Karren et al. , 2006, p. 44). Distress also occurs from external sources, which include pressure from people in authority (e. g.
supervisors or managers), customers, or even shareholders. It could also be as a result of the absence of proper support mechanisms in the workplace, where workers may lack the necessary resources needed to accomplish their job well. It is notable that in literature, the term stress generally is used in reference to distress. Considering Karren et al. ’ s (2006, p. 44) proposition that there can be good and bad stress, this section will discuss the impact of stress from two perspectives – i.e. from the perspectives of eustress and distress. Hargrove, Nelson and Cooper (2013) offer a refined definition of eustress, indicating that it is the “ positive psychological response to a stressor, indicated by the presence of positive psychological states” (p.
61). A person facing eustress ideally focuses on the challenge, is fully attentive to the task at hand, and even has a sense of exhilaration to tackle and probably overcome the challenge (Hargrove et al. , 2013, p. 61). On its part, the negative form of stress (distress) is defined differently by various authors. For the sake of this paper, however, it will be defined as “ the point at which the organism’ s (person’ s) ability to perform is exceeded by the demands put on it (the person). ..” thus leading to psycho-physiological strain, which affects “ a person’ s coping ability and moderating factors” (Karren et al. , 2006, p.
43, emphasis added). Productivity is a term used in reference to the output that an organisation gets from each unit of labour (or worker) (Navqi, Khan, Kant & Khan, 2013, p. 527), while individual wellbeing is defined as the subtotal of a person’ s physical, mental, and spiritual health (Varelius, 2013, p. 13).
As would be expected, eustress has positive impacts on productivity and individual wellbeing, while distress has a contrary impact. Hargrove et al. (2013, p. 61) note that eustress leads to enthusiastic workers, whose productivity is evident in the quality of results they attain at work. Additionally, most such workers register good health outcomes and rarely miss work for sick-offs. Eustress leads to quantitative and qualitative increases in output. According to Kaufman (2005, p. 171), one of the negative impacts of stress in the workplace is fatigue, which if left unattended, can lead to complete burnout.
Arguably, a fatigued person underperforms at work, while a burned-out person is practical of no use in the work environment. Generally, a person who is negatively affected by stress cannot be optimally productive. The reduced productivity is reflected in the workplace through tardiness, high absenteeism, lack of motivation, high incidents of injuries, missed timelines, low quality work, and dissatisfied consumers (Navqi et al. , 2013, p. 527-528). The impacts of negative stressful experiences also lead to poor health outcomes for workers, which include elevated blood pressure caused by high levels of stress hormones in the body, suppressed immune systems that make people more susceptible to infection, low digestion rate, and mental problems that include depression among others (Navqi et al. , 2013, p.
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