The paper “ Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management” is a comprehensive example of the research paper on human resources. Organizational behavior can be viewed from three perspectives. At the micro-level, we have individual employees in the organization. At the mezzo-level, we have workforce groups, while at the macro-level it is the organization and how it behaves in relation to the internal and external business environment. These three groups behave differently in various organizational roles. How they interact is important in determining organizational performance. For the management to effectively manage the organization, human behavior, and workforce motivation are essential components that need proper management attention to avoid counterproductive work behavior.
How the human resource management resources, acquires, retains, motivates, and offers training and development to the employees determines how they behave, the level of workforce turnover, and how the organization performs. The motivation of employees arouses, directs, and maintains a certain level of human behavior essential in attaining the goals and objectives of the organization. However, there are other factors that determine organizational behavior such as national culture, organizational culture, and organizational citizenship behavior (Kaifi& Noori, 2011 p. 88, Memari, Valikhani, Aghababaee& Davali, 2013 p. 568). There are several theories of motivation that are relevant to organizational behavior.
These theories include organizational justice theory, expectancy theory, equity theory, incentive theory, Maslow’ s hierarchy of needs, Theory X, and Theory Y, and Fredrick Herzberg’ s two-factor theory (Yudhvir& Sunita, 2012 p. 58-61). This study focuses on Galfar Engineering, Construction, and Contracting Company based in Oman. It analyzes how the company motivates its employees, provides recommendations and supports the arguments with the above theories of motivation. It goes further to evaluate the HR activities of the company and assesses the HR standpoint.
Finally, it provides recommendations relevant to improve the HR activities in the company and maps the Guest Model of Human Resources Management with the company.
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