Essays on Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management Research Paper

Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing

The paper “ Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management” is a comprehensive example of the research paper on human resources. Organizational behavior can be viewed from three perspectives. At the micro-level, we have individual employees in the organization. At the mezzo-level, we have workforce groups, while at the macro-level it is the organization and how it behaves in relation to the internal and external business environment. These three groups behave differently in various organizational roles. How they interact is important in determining organizational performance. For the management to effectively manage the organization, human behavior, and workforce motivation are essential components that need proper management attention to avoid counterproductive work behavior.

How the human resource management resources, acquires, retains, motivates, and offers training and development to the employees determines how they behave, the level of workforce turnover, and how the organization performs. The motivation of employees arouses, directs, and maintains a certain level of human behavior essential in attaining the goals and objectives of the organization. However, there are other factors that determine organizational behavior such as national culture, organizational culture, and organizational citizenship behavior (Kaifi& Noori, 2011 p. 88, Memari, Valikhani, Aghababaee& Davali, 2013 p. 568). There are several theories of motivation that are relevant to organizational behavior.

These theories include organizational justice theory, expectancy theory, equity theory, incentive theory, Maslow’ s hierarchy of needs, Theory X, and Theory Y, and Fredrick Herzberg’ s two-factor theory (Yudhvir& Sunita, 2012 p. 58-61). This study focuses on Galfar Engineering, Construction, and Contracting Company based in Oman. It analyzes how the company motivates its employees, provides recommendations and supports the arguments with the above theories of motivation. It goes further to evaluate the HR activities of the company and assesses the HR standpoint.

Finally, it provides recommendations relevant to improve the HR activities in the company and maps the Guest Model of Human Resources Management with the company.

References

6.0. References

Baldwin, S. 2006. Organizational Justice, Institute for Employment Studies, 1-15. Available at: www.employment-studies.co.uk/system/files/resources/files/mp73.pdf [Accessed 25 December 2015].

Bakker, A.B. &Schaufeli, W.B. 2008. Positive Organizational Behavior: Engaged Employees in Flourishing Organizations, Journal of Organizational Behavior, 29, 147-154. Available at: http://www.beanmanaged.com/doc/pdf/arnoldbakker/articles/articles_arnold_bakker_167.pdf [Accessed 24 December 2015].

Brodeur, C.W., Israel, G.D. & Craig, D.D. 2011.Using Secondary Data to Build Strong Extension Programs. Available at:

http://pdec.ifas.ufl.edu/lrp/pdfs/EDIS_Using%20Secondary%20Data.pdf

[Accessed 24 December 2015].

Dartey-Baah, K. &Amoaka, G.K. 2011. Application of Fredrick Herzberg’s Two-Factor Theory in Assessing and Understanding Employee Motivation at Work: A Ghanaian Perspective, European Journal of Business and Management, 3(9), 1-9. Available at: http://pakacademicsearch.com/pdf-files/ech/517/1-8%20Vol%203,%20No%209%20(2011).pdf [Accessed 25 December 2015].

EHR Consultants 2007.EHR Case Study at Nokia. Available at:

http://ehrconsultants.blogspot.com/2007/09/ehr-case-study-at-nokia.html [Accessed 26 December 2015].

Frey, B.S. &Jegen, R. 2001.Motivation Crowding Theory, Journal of Economic Surveys, 15(5), 589-611. Available at: www.bsfrey.ch/articles/359_01.pdf [Accessed 24 December 2015].

Galfar, 2015.Careers. Available at: http://galfar.com/careers [Accessed 24 December 2015].

Galfar, 2015.Company Profile. Available at: http://galfar.com/company_profile [Accessed 24 December 2015].

Galfar, 2015.Human Resources. Available at: http://galfar.com/human_resources [Accessed 24 December 2015].

Kaifi, B.A. &Noori, S.A. 2001. Organizational Behavior: A Study on Managers, Employees, and Teams, Journal of Management Policy and Practice, 12(1), 88-97. Available at: http://www.na-businesspress.com/JMPP/KaifiWeb.pdf [Accessed 26 December 2015].

Kaur, A. 2013. Maslow’s Need Hierarchy Theory: Applications and Criticisms, Global Journal of Management and Business Studies, 3(10), 1061-1064. Available at: http://www.ripublication.com/gjmbs_spl/gjmbsv3n10_03.pdf [Accessed 25 December 2015].

Kaur, R., Aggarwal, P. &Khaitan, N. 2014. Equity Sensitivity, the International Journal of Business and Management, 2(6), 230-233. Available at:

http://theijbm.com/june2014/34.BM1406-057.pdf [Accessed 24 December 2015].

Lunenburg, F.C. 2011. Expectancy Theory of Motivation: Motivating by Altering Expectations, International Journal of Management, Business, and Administration, 15(1), 1-6. Available at: http://www.nationalforum.com/Electronic%20Journal%20Volumes/Luneneburg,%20Fred%20C%20Expectancy%20Theory%20%20Altering%20Expectations%20IJMBA%20V15%20N1%202011.pdf [Accessed 25 December 2015].

Marsden, A. 2002. The Science of Human Resource Management is not Nearly as Straightforward as it might first Appear, CIMA Insider, 20-21. Available at: http://www.cimaglobal.com/Documents/ImportedDocuments/ci_julaug_02_p20-21.pdf [Accessed 26 December 2015].

Mellam, A.C., Rao, P.S. &Mellam, B.T. 2015. The Effects of Traditional and Modern Human Resource Management Practices on Employee Performance in Business Organizations in Papua New Guinea, Universal Journal of Management, 3(10), 389-394. Available at: http://www.hrpub.org/download/20151030/UJM2-12104157.pdf [Accessed 26 December 2015].

Memari, H., Valikhani, M., Aghababaee, Z. &Davali, M.M. 2013. The Effect of Positive Organizational Behavior of the Staff on Organizational Performance, Based on the Luthans Model in Public Organizations of Behbahan, Interdisciplinary Journal of Contemporary Research Business, 4(9), 568-583. Available at: http://journal-archieves27.webs.com/568-583.pdf [Accessed 26 December 2015].

Stewart, M. 2010. Shifting the Trajectory of Civilization: Theories X and Y, Revisited, Oxford Leadership Journal, 1(3), 1-5. Available at:

http://www.oxfordleadership.com/journal/vol1_issue3/stewart.pdf [Accessed 25 December 2015].

Sullivan, J. 2002. Why You Need Workforce Planning, Workforce. Available at: http://www.workforce.com/articles/why-you-need-workforce-planning [Accessed 26 December 2015].

Tongco, M.D.C. 2007.Purposive Sampling as a Tool for Informant Selection, Ethnobotany Research & Applications. 147-158. Available at:

http://scholarspace.manoa.hawaii.edu/bitstream/handle/10125/227/I1547-3465-05-147.pdf [Accessed 24 December 2015].

Yudhvir, M. &Sunita, M. 2012. Employee’s Motivation: Theories and Perspectives, Asian Journal of Multidimensional Research, 1(2), 56-64. Available at:

http://www.tarj.in/images/download/ajmr/AJMR%20JULY%202012%20(COMPLETE)/7.6,%20Yudhvir%202.pdf [Accessed 26 December 2015].

Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
Contact Us