Essays on Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management Essay

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The paper 'Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management' is a great example of a Management Essay. Paid employment is a type of employment where the incumbent employees hold direct or indirect contracts of employment (oral or written) which give them basic compensation which is not explicitly reliant upon the revenue of the unit for which they work (Knights & William, 2007). This unit for which they work can be a government office or unit, a company, a non-profit making institution, or even a household. Individuals in paid employment jobs are basically compensated with wages and salaries but they make receive other payments such as commission on sales, bonuses, commissions from piece-rates, and in-kind payments such as food and clothing (Morin, 2004). The meaning of work has changed rapidly over time.

Different people attach different meanings to the term work depending on whether it is paid employment or un-paid employment (self-employment). Traditionally, before the evolution of machines, people were regarded or were seen as extensions of machines and were seen as expandable (Noon & Blyton, 2006). Those involved in work were closely supervised by their foremen and their output was carefully inspected.

Since the industrial revolution, the meaning of work has changed due to certain influential factors such as globalization, transformation in organizational structure and culture, and the emergence of modern managerial fads. However, globalization and new managerial fads have had their share in adding complexity to the problem of work, they have created an opportunity to modify the mindset of individuals and restore the meaning of work for human beings (Morin, 2004). The recent trends that have emerged out of globalization such as outsourcing and off-shoring have impacted heavily on the modern thinking of the meaning of work.

Individuals are no longer treated like machine extensions. With outsourcing and off-shoring, employees have flexible working hours and they are rarely overworked (Noon & Blyton, 2006). With outsourcing, organizations are giving out contracts to outside organizations especially those involved in servicing provision so that the employees can concentrate on their jobs without having to multi-task in doing routine jobs in the office and still working on their specified areas. With off-shoring, organizations are able to conduct business in different parts of the world by utilizing modern information technology and taking advantage of different time zones of the world (Endrus et al, 2007). With the enterprise culture being the most adopted culture in many organizations today where the aim of making a profit and achieving great financial performance are the most emphasized goals in an organization.

Individuals involved in paid employment in organizations where enterprise culture is highly emphasized always find themselves eager to try the flavor of the day in order to achieve great financial performance for the units they work for (Morin, 2004). Working is vital for all human being and paid employment has various effects on the identity of individuals who are involved in it just like other forms of employment.

The following is a discussion of how paid employment affects the personal identity of an individual working as a home-based tutor. EFFECTS OF PAID EMPLOYMENT ON PERSONAL IDENTITY People seek paid employment for different reasons depending on their situations. One reason may be the need to find a stable source of income to help one cater to his/her own basic needs and other personal necessities.

Another reason may be the need to put one’ s skills into practice or one’ s hobby or talent into productive use. Another includes pressure from family members, peer influence, and the fear of starting up their own source of employment (self-employment). Depending on individual reasons for seeking paid employment, the effects on personal identity are also different.

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Carr, M., & Char, M. 2004. Globalization, Social Exclusion and Work. Geneva: World Commision of the Social Dimension of Globalization: International Labout Office .

Endres, R., & Al., E. 2007. Tacit Knowledge Sharing, Self-efficacy Theory and Application of OPen Community. Journal of Knowledge Management , Vol.11 (Iss.3), 93-103.

International Labour Organization . 2001. Human Resources Development, Employment and Globalization. Geneva: International Labour Organization.

Jackson, B., & Parry, K. 2008. In A Very Short Story, Fairly Interesting and Reasonably Cheap Book About Studying Leadership (pp. 167-175). Sage Publishers.

Knights, D., & Willmott, H. 2007. In Introducing Organization Behaviour and Management (pp. 45-49). Thompson.

Morin, E. 2004. The Meaning of Work in Modern Times. World Congress on Human Resource Management, (pp. 4-17). Brazil.

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Silverman, R. (2009, February 12). How Much is Your Identity Tied to work? Retrieved November 14, 2010, from The Jungle: http://blogs.wsj.com/juggle/2009/02/12/how-much-is-your-identity-tied-to-work/

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