The paper "People Organisations and Leadership" is a great example of a Management Case Study. Leadership has a great impact on organizational performance. It has been proved that leaders who have emotional intelligence outperform their peers in organization management (Adair, 2010). The main types of leadership styles are coercive, authoritative, affiliative, democratic, pacesetting, and coaching (Timothy & Ronald, 2004). Each type of leadership has its strengths and weakness. At Ecological, the type of leadership practiced is democratic. Sally can be described as a democratic leader whose style of operation is through consensus.
The employees participate in decision making and act on what they see best for the company. As seen in the case, she trusts each employee in decision making and only asks for her consultation where necessary. Employees can make their decision on the ecological provided they are in line with the organization's goal (Dym & Hutson, 2005). The freedom accorded to the employees enables them to make major decisions without the need to consult her. The work is done as a team where everyone has to give input. Democratic leadership is meant to get the best output from the employees.
A democratic leader such as Sally utilizes two-way communications. This is between the leader and the subordinates. She is seen to use a friendly approach in communicating with the subordinates. Through this, it is possible to outline the tasks, decisions, and other procedures effectively (Chen & Silverthorne, 2005). Strengths This type of leadership reduces office politics which in most cases affects the working environment. The fact that all employees contribute their ideas makes it hard for office politics. In the case of Ecological, all employees have different ideas that are debated in the meeting. There is also a reduction in the communication gap.
The frequent communication between the leader and subordinates reduces the fear of rejection. The subordinates do not fear the leader making them freer to give their inputs. In a leadership style where the employees fear the leader, contributing becomes almost impossible (Visagie et al. 2011). Democratic leadership ensures that there is a positive working environment (Mosadegh & Yarmohammadian, 2006). All the employees irrespective of their position have a fair amount of tasks to accomplish.
This makes the working environment to be more enjoyable. At Ecological, all employees are given a fair responsibility. Each of the members in the organization is fully involved in a fair share of work. Teamwork is an advantage in democratic leadership (Hirtz, Murray & Riordan, 2007). This involves all members coming together and giving their inputs. When ideas are put together, there is a possibility to reap more benefits. In the Ecological, all members contribute during the meetings. Team performance in democratic leadership is strong and consistent.
The style utilizes what the subordinates say and the final say by the leader to come up with the best approach. This makes it possible for a democratic leader to manage the team in different situations. What the leader says is able to solve any disagreement that may occur. For example, when the idea is turned down by Dane rudely, Sally is able to resolve the issues by promising to talk later. Democratic leadership enables increased employee turnover. The employees are able to feel empowered at work and hence value their jobs (Kellerman, 2007).
In the case of Ecological, employees are motivated to work for the company.
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