The paper 'Extent Causes and Impact of Workplace Violence in Canada ' is a good example of a Management Essay. Workplace violence involves incidents in which there is an abuse of people, issuing threats, and assault cases related to their work. The violence threatens their well being, health, and safety (Zapf, 1999, 44). The scope of workplace violence involves scuffles from industrial disputes involving unions. Workplace violence can also be defined as any action, behavior, threat, or sign to a person in the place of work that could result in harm, illness, or injury to the victim (Einarsen, 1999, 31).
Violence is therefore a kind of behavior that can bring about harm. Workplace violence exists in Canada, although it is not very much prevalent. Most cases of violence at the workplace result from disagreements and conflicts over duties, relationships, and resources. Violence results in injuries, damaged relationships, property destruction, psychological problems, and job losses. The state and the employers should have stringent rules to apprehend those found perpetrating violence at the place of work. Employers must establish programs and infrastructure to prevent workplace violence (Einarsen, 1999, 36).
This essay focuses on the extent, causes, and impact of workplace violence in Canada and what the state, the employer, and the individual can do to eliminate it. Extend of workplace violence in Canada Statistics Canada did a general social survey in 2004 which revealed that 17 percent of violent victimization reported by victims among them sexual violation, physical abuse, and robbery took place at the workplace of the victims. This could be equivalent to more than 356,000 incidents of violence at the workplace in the ten provinces of Canada every year.
Based on statistics, 71 percent of all cases reported are physical assaults. 24 percent of sexual abuse cases take place at the workplace (Tepper, 2007, 55). Men in Canada are affected by sexual assault but women carry the biggest burden. The Canadian provinces showed some differences for example 40 percent of the violent cases in Labrador and Newfoundland took place at the workplace of the victim. This proportion was twice that of the rest of the provinces in isolation. Nova Scotia recorded 11 percent while Alberta and Saskatchewan recorded 20 percent each (Canadian Centre for Justice Statistics, 2004).
Violent victimization at the workplace is bound to occur in certain sites more than others. Those employees that meet often with the public have more incidents of violence compared to those that do not meet clients often. Labrador and Newfoundland have more cases of violence in the workplace because a bigger proportion of people in these provinces do their work in areas of high risk (Canadian Center for Occupational Health and Safety 2012) Organizations in Canada are finding workplace violence a growing problem.
Estimations show that every 1 out of six cases of violence in Canada occurs at the place of work. Studies show that almost one-fifth of the cases of violence such as physical assault, robbery, and sexual abuse took place at the workplace. Violence at the workplace affects both men and women in equal measure. Workplace violence is prevalent in certain sectors more than others. Food services, accommodation services, and health care facilities and services have more incidents of violence. The majority of incidents of violence are perpetrated by relatively young men.
In most cases, violence is perpetrated by people whom the victim knows. A few of the violent cases are the work of strangers. Research shows that most of the incidents are done by people not belonging to the same organization with the victim. Strangers and outsiders are the major perpetrators of violence in the place of work (Canadian Centre for Justice Statistics, 2004). Causes of violence at the workplace Violence at the workplace could result from several causes. Indiscipline among the workers is one of the causes of violence.
Workers who have no self-discipline could be potential rapists, property destroyers, bullies, and perpetrators of other ills on the agency and fellow employees. The Canadian Centre for Occupational Health and Safety shows that certain factors could make the risk of violence at the workplace to go higher (Catano 2009, 112). Most of these factors occur in workplaces where women are in large numbers because perpetrators of violence see women as easy targets. Such factors include interacting with the public at work, handling cash and other valuables, and prescription drugs.
Others include enforcement and inspection activities, service provision, education, working with people that are volatile, working in areas where alcohol is sold, working in groups of few people, and working in isolated places or places where there are few people. Violence may also be caused by changes in the organization such as strikes and periods of downsizing. These provide an appropriate atmosphere for violence perpetrators. Mobile places of work such as taxi cabs and community-based settings also contribute to violence for drivers and social workers respectively.
Violence at the workplace is prevalent in healthcare, education service, hospitality, and assistance. These fields of work have large numbers of women. Consumption of alcohol and drugs has been found to increase cases of violence in the workplace. Workplace violence in Canada is either nonphysical such as verbal abuse, intimidation, and threats, physical such as kicking, punching, and pushing or it may be physical but aggravated to involve weapons (Antoinette, Nydegger, Paludi, 2006, 67). Impact of workplace violence The management and the staff of various organizations in Canada are concerned about violence. Employers see violence as leading to low morale among the employees and painting a bad image for the organizations involved.
This could give then a difficult time recruiting and maintaining staff. Violence can also translate into extra costs through cases of absenteeism, legal fees, and increased insurance premiums, compensation, and fines in cases of negligence. Employees could suffer pain, disability from injuries, distress, and death whenever they are victims of violence. Physical abuse is dangerous but continuous abuse through word of mouth could result in stress and anxiety that could be damaging to the health of employees (Van Fleet, Van Fleet, 2009). Physical trauma happens to be the most dangerous of the effects of violence at the workplace.
Physical violence and threats must be treated seriously. Violence victims can have a post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) problem. The disorder is mainly psychological and it affects rape and terrorism victims among other violent crime victims. Other long-lasting psychological problems could be fear, lack of self-confidence, irritability, depression, self-blame, conflicts in relationships, and lack of self-motivation. Victims who are not given assistance upon reporting violence may never report it again when it happens next (Rayner, and Hoel, 1997, 111) Violence at the workplace also results in some employees being dismissed from work, suspended and prosecuted in courts of law for perpetrating the violence.
Those who attack others and destroy property at the workplace can only be made to face the law in Canada. Violence in places of work can destroy the reputation of a particular organization, industry, and even nation. This could have far-reaching effects on other sectors of the economy of such a country. Having the reputation of workplace violence as a country could scare off investors and other experts with an intention to work in that country (Canadian Centre for Justice Statistics, 2004). Steps were taken to eliminate work violence
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