The paper 'Personal Effectiveness' is a good example of a Management Assignment. Personal effectiveness IntroductionPersonal effectiveness refers to sufficient use of time, energy, or talent as a resource at a person’ s disposal relative to what is important. It deals with concepts like goals and success while integrating ideas like positive psychology and positive thinking. Personal effectiveness is important in an organization as well as in an individual’ s life for self-worth, satisfaction, and for continuous strife to achieve requisite potential needed to succeed in lifePerceptionPerception can be viewed as attending, searching or paying attention to an environment in order to make sense of it and derive an outcome or a conclusion (Oliver, 2010).
These views on perception involve the result of contact with stimuli in the environment which causes an individual to attend to it either through mental activity, interpretation, or communication (Hooijberg, Lane & Diverse, 2010). This way, perception can be seen as an outcome of attending or as an attending process. At the workplace, these views help the employers and the employees to know how to perceive issues in their environment as well as how to understand each other. There are several factors that may affect either an individual or group perception.
To begin with, our perception can be influenced by the unique characteristics of the perceiver. One of the intrinsic characteristics of the perceiver is the mood. The latter can affect how we perceive people, events, or even situations in life (Oliver 2010). For instance, individuals tend to behave and perceive differently when they are happy or depressed. Secondly, attitude is yet another driving factor that may affect the characteristics of the perceiver (Sheafor, 2011).
Some people have a negative or positive attitude towards various gender roles. For example, while some believe that women can also perform male-oriented jobs; there are those who may categorically differ from women’ s ability to perform male-based tasks such as masonry. Other personal characteristics include self-concept, motives, interest, cognitive structure, and expectations (Monson, 2010). The other two broad factors that influence perception include characteristics of the situation as well as the characteristics of the target. In terms of expectations, it is highly likely that our perception can be influenced by the kind of outcome that we expect from a given situation.
Research findings in this area have found that it is quite cumbersome to see others in an accurate way unless you know yourself well (Sheafor, 2011). In addition, the characteristics seen in others are likely to be one’ s own intrinsic behavioral patterns. Finally, it is possible to see (or perceive) positive characteristics in other people once an individual has positively accepted him or herself. Whatever is being observed can also be affected by the characteristics of the target situation or person.
One such example is the external looks or physical appearance of an individual. People who are attractive are likely to be perceived in a favorable way compared to those who are unattractive either by the way they dress or generally appear. Moreover, size, sound, and motion associated with the target also affect how we see things around us. communication at the workplace is important as it involves exchanging bits of information between two or more parties. Communication of information can be through various forms of mass communication, through spoken words between groups of people or individuals or it can be through written materials (Hooijberg, Lane & Diverse, 2010).
In this regard, it is important to point out that communication is an important tool in an organization as it ensures the maintenance of personal relationships as well as the aspect of ensuring the efficient transmission of messages (Sheafor, 2011). Therefore, everything that a business or an organization does is controlled by communication. Communication can be verbal or non-verbal. For instance, facial expressions, gestures, and body postures can be actual communication existing between two individuals without them actually talking.
Non-verbal communication can be more genuine and extremely powerful than actual talking (Monson, 2010). The effectiveness of an individual at the workplace depends on the communication system in the working environment as well as the ability to listen and to speak. It is important to observe that in all the communications that take place in an environment, many people tend to get and remember half of what they listen to, understand, and believe. Additionally, the personal effects of an individual are greatly affected by ineffective communication that comes from cliché , jargon, inappropriate language, and too much information.
Also, there are instances when individuals communicate messages that are unclear, and sometimes these can be as a result of poorly structured thoughts (Oliver, 2010). This becomes a barrier to effective communication and personal effectiveness. Also, other barriers include a verbal message that conflicts with a non-verbal message, distractions from other activities or noise in the environment, and misinterpretation of the intent or content of the communication by the receiver. Furthermore, individuals at the workplace respond to stimuli that make them interested, angry, sad, or happy (Monson, 2010).
Communication is of significant importance in creating such emotions at a particular time in the lives of the workers. Good communication would mean motivation and effectiveness which is the opposite of bad communication manifested by an arrogant, presumptuous, and patronizing way of passing information that would exist between employers and employees (Hooijberg, Lane & Diverse, 2010). Self-presentation in any workplace, it is expected of the employees to increase their input in order to improve the levels of production and their practices at the place of work.
However, these employees at times lack the platform to express themselves or are hesitant for fear of retaliation should they express their concerns (Monson 2010). Due to this, most employees remain silent since they lack ways of effectively presenting themselves. Personal effectiveness in self-presentation involves an individual being in a position to express his opinions or views about matters related to the workplace such as job-related issues, need for changes in the working environment, and to contribute to other people’ s ideas, thoughts and actions (Sheafor, 2011).
To achieve this, individuals must develop a system where they monitor themselves so as to be able to control, regulate, and observe how they display themselves in interpersonal relationships (Oliver 2010). Personal effectiveness in self-presentation requires modification of behavior through high self-monitors (HSMs) for this will help an individual to portray a desired public appearance. Individuals at the workplace will be able to guide their behavior by having a presentable image that first the nature of the workplace situation (Sheafor, 2011).
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