The paper 'Getting the Right Person for the Right Job" is a good example of sociology coursework. Personality is described as the sum total of a person’ s mental, emotional, physical and social characteristics. It depicts not only the personal identity and character of a person but also the pattern of behavior and existence as a human being. This collection of traits is portrayed when interacting with people and it is this which gives him/her their unique personality. Personality also embodies the distinctive qualities such as their behavior, character, emotional temperament and other mental traits that both directly or indirectly affect their behavior towards others.
This essay will investigate the characteristics that go to make up an individual’ s personality. An assessment of my personality would also be conducted through self-assessment tests. By understanding our own personality one could understand how to make adjustments in the workplace atmosphere which in turn would work not only to the benefit of the individual themselves but also to all the people who come in contact with them. Literature Review According to C. G. Jung (1875 – 1961) "Personality constitutes the supreme realization of all the innate idiosyncrasies of an individual.
It is an act of courage thrown in the face of life, and is the total or complete affirmation of all that constitutes a human being… ” All individuals are not alike and hence possess their own unique personality traits. What is considered right by one individual may be wrong for another? Each and every person is a storehouse of their own individual personality traits that they exhibit when they come into contact with others. Since all of us live in the same universe we have to adapt our personality to a great extent, especially when we have to deal with other individuals possessing a totally different personality from our own. According to the research of Carl Jung, Catherine C.
Briggs and Isabel Briggs Myers, there are sixteen different personality types. Jung was of the opinion that humans made use of two basic functions – how we perceived things and how we took decisions. These functions of obtaining information were conducted in two ways- 1) through our senses and 2) through our intuition.
The function that an individual uses most often is the dominant function and the other functions are inferior functions. It is these functions that go to show if a person is an introvert or an extrovert. According to theory today, people make use of a primary mode of operation based on four different categories – which are – Energy Flow Perceived Information Logical thinking Judging The theory of the different personality types is categorized into four major divisions which incorporate all the individuals. They are the following - Extraverted or Introverted Sensing or intuitive Thinking or Feeling Judging or Perceiving (Jung, C.G, 2009) Based on Jung’ s personality theory, Katherine C.
Briggs and her daughter Isabel Briggs Myers came up with what they called the Myers- Briggs Type indicator’ Isabel Briggs with Peter B. Myers (1980, 1995) and this model was later used by Kiersey in his research on personality. David Keirsey has further divided the sixteen types of personality into four distinct groups according to preference and temperaments. Each of these groups consists of four different personality types. They are – 1) The Guardians which include people like supervisors or inspectors and people who protect or provide for us.
2) Group 2, is called the Artisans and is made up of people who perform, compose, craft or promote others. 3) Group 3 are the Rationals and comprise of people such as masterminds, architects, inventors and field – marshals. 4) The fourth group is the Idealist and comprise of people who are teachers, counselors, healers etc. (Keirsey, David, 1998)
Allport, G. W. (1937). Personality: A psychological interpretation. New York: Holt, Rinehart & Winston.
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Fransella, F., Bell, R., Bannister, D. A Manual for Repertory Grid Technique. Second Edition. Chichester: John Wiley & Sons, 2004.
Jung, C.G, Personality. (n.d.). Online Etymology Dictionary. Retrieved October 05, 2009, from Dictionary.com website: http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/personality
Keirsey, David (May 1, 1998) . Please Understand Me II: Temperament, Character, Intelligence (1st Ed. ed.). Prometheus Nemesis Book Co.
Kelly, G.A. The Psychology of Personal Constructs. New York: Norton, 1955. Kelly's main opus in two volumes.
Mischel, W. (2007). "Walter Mischel". In G. Lindzey & W. M. Runyan (Eds.), A History of Psychology in Autobiography (Vol. IX, pp. 229-267). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.
Myers, Isabel Briggs with Peter B. Myers (1980, 1995). Gifts Differing: Understanding Personality Type. Mountain View, CA: Davies-Black Publishing.
Nelson, D. L., & Quick, J. C. Understanding Organizational Behavior (3rd Ed). OH, USA: Thomson.
Personality Definition at Dictionary.com
The Personality Page
The Big Five Personality Test