Essays on Personality and Work Performance Literature review

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The paper "Personality and Work Performance" is a wonderful example of a literature review on human resources. Personality is the character, emotions, thoughts, and the general behavior that one has along with his own psychological influence that one portrays. Personality plays an important part in one’ s life as it determines the extent to which he/she will carry out activities. People vary in terms of the personalities that they portray in life therefore making them have different levels of success. It is a personality that will determine the extent to which one will be pushing towards achieving certain goals.

The different traits shown by different personalities will determine the level of self-determination, motivation levels, and also, the ability to persevere in difficult situations. In any organization, employees’ personalities are very important as they will always determine the performance levels they will achieve. Always, those employees who have a positive personality will be of great value to an organization. Work performance is an individual decision that always is determined by self-motivation, and the ability to persevere in any situation to see his own goals achieved.

The measure of work performance in an organization is always measured by the ability of a person to achieve activities and goals that have been set for him/her. Factors like experience and the level of being positive will always have a great role in ensuring the performance of an organization (Spain et al, 2014). There different types of personalities that will always determine what levels work performance will be achieved in an organization. There are those with positive effects due to their personalities, and those who portray the negative personalities.

All these kinds of people can be found in an organization and the performance levels will be different for each. It is important that an organization should identify each and every person’ s personality before assigning him/her any kind of work. Due to the difference in personalities, an organization should consider the level of; Agreeableness, Openness to experience, Neuroticism, and Conscientiousness. All these will determine the characters that one has in an organization and how he is fit to do a given task. From these the following characteristics of an individual are determined; Carefulness, dependableness, Courteousness, caring, Anxious, hostile, Sensitive, flexible, Outgoing, and talkative.

References

Barrick, M. R., Mount, M. K., & Li, N. (2013). The theory of purposeful work behavior: The role of personality, higher‐order goals, and job characteristics. Academy of Management Review, 38(1), 132‐153.

Judge, T. A., Jackson, C. L., Shaw, J. C., Scott, B. A., & Rich, B. L. (2007). Self‐efficacy and work‐related performance: the integral role of individual differences. Journal of applied psychology, 92(1), 107.

Kim, H. J., Shin, K. H., and Swanger, N. (2009). Burnout and Engagement: A comparative Analysis Using the Big Five Personality Dimensions, International Journal of Hospitality Management, 28, 96–104

McShane and Glinow V., (2010). Organizational Behavior, McGraw-Hill, 5th edition.

Mechinda, P. and Patterson, P.G. (2011). The Impact of Service Climate and Service Provider Personality on Employees' Customer-Oriented Behavior in a High-Contact Setting, Journal of Services Marketing, 25 (2), 101 – 113.

Peeters, M.A.G., Rutte, C.G., van Tuijl, H.F.J.M. and Reymen, I.M.M.J. (2006). The Big-Five personality traits and individual satisfaction with the team, Small Group Research, 37 (2), 187-211.

Peltokorpi, V. (2008). Transactive memory systems, Review of General Psychology, 12 (4), 378–394.

Sadi M. A., & Al-Buraey, M. A. (2009). A framework of the implementing process: The case of Saudization. International Management Review, 5(1), 70

Semykina, A., and S. J. Linz (2007): “Gender Differences in Personality Earnings. Evidence from Russia,” Journal of Economic Psychology, 28, 387.

Silverman, S. B., Pogson, C. E., & Cober, A. B. (2005). When employees at work don't get it: a model for enhancing individual employee change. Academy of Management Executive, 19 (2).

Spain, S. M., Harms, P., & LeBreton, J. M. (2014). The dark side of personality at work. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 35(S1), S41‐S60.

Staw, B.M. and Cohen-Charash, Y. (2005). The dispositional approach to job satisfaction: more than a mirage, but not yet an oasis, Journal of Organizational Behavior, 26, 59-78.

Tziner, A., Waismal-Manor, R., Vardi, N., and Brodman, A. (2008). The Personality Dispositional Approach to Job Satisfaction and Organizational Commitment, Psychological Reports, 103, 435-442.

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