The paper "Safety and Health Management at Piper Alpha" is a great example of a management case study. Safety and health management are areas of critical concern in working environments. All organizations have the duty and the responsibility of promoting safe and healthy working environments. Investing in appropriate safety and health management systems ensures the ability of organizations to be able to control their health risk level. A healthy working environment in an organization helps in growth and continuous improvement. Any health management system adopted by an organization should be able to integrate with the structure of the organization, practices, procedures, and resources.
In doing so, an organization will be able to prevent recurrences of healthy factors and also ensure there is a continuous improvement of the organization. There are numerous benefits associated with the availability of an effective health management system in an organization. An effective health management system in an organization will ensure that an organization maintains a healthy workforce free of illness. It will also ensure the safety of the employee at all times in the organization.
It will lead to a reduction in cost that is used in treating and taking care of workers. In order to understand the importance of a safety and health management system, this paper will be a case study of the Piper Alpha disaster Background of Piper Alpha Piper Alpha was a structure constructed by McDermott engineering. This structure was operated and maintained by the Occidental group. This structure was located close to 120 miles northeast of Aberdeen in Scotland (Macalister, 2013: offshore-technology, 2013). This structure started to be used for oil exploration in 1976.
This structure had four main operating areas. Each area was separated by a firewall that was designed to withstand any oil fire exposed to it. The operating areas were designed to be far from where personnel lived and also away from the command unit areas. The structure design to accommodate two types of diesel propelled seawater pumps. These pumps provided an automatic fighting system that would be used in case of fire. When the oil is extracted from the floor of the ocean, it is usually a combination of oil, saltwater, and natural gas.
This mixture is usually pumped into the Piper Alpha to separate them. Once in the structure, water and gas are separated from the oil. Then the gas is separated from water by cooling gas to gas condensate liquid. The condensate of gas obtained is then mixed with oil and pumped to the onshore refinery where it is refined into various products. The excess gas that is obtained during the process was initially being burned off. The practice of burning gas came to an end in 1978 when the United Kingdom government decided to be processing this gas in Piper Alpha.
Piper Alpha was then modified in order to comply with the new set policies. After the modification, the structure could be able to process gas and also act as a hub whereby lines of gas from other Piper structures would be connected and sent to a processing unit. While complying with the new policies, the modifications of Piper Alpha to be processing gas ignored the safe design concept. The engineers of the platform placed Hazardous Gas Compression Module next to the control room of the structure.
Bennett, S., 2012. Innovative Thinking in Risk, Crisis, and Disaster Management. Revised ed. London: Gower Publishing.
Coles, E., Smith, D. & Tombs, S., 2000. Risk Management and Society. 3 ed. New York: Springer Science & Business Media.
Drenth, P. J. D., Thierry, H. & Wolff, C. J., 2000. Work Psychology. London: Psychology Press.
Fisheries Research Services, 2004. Case Study : PIPER ALPHA, London: Fisheries Research Services.
Gibson, N., 1995. Major Hazards Onshore and Offshore II: A Three-day Symposium Organised by the Institution of Chemical Engineers (North Western Branch) and Held at UMIST, Manchester 24-26 October 1995, Volume 2. Manchester: IChemE.
Glendon, I., Clarke, S. & McKenna, E., 2006. Human Safety and Risk Management. 2 ed. New York: CRC Press,.
Graham, T., King, B., Trotter, B. & Kirsner, K., 2014. The Search for HMAS Sydney: An Australian Story. Sydney: UNSW Press.
Hartley, H., 2001. Exploring Sport & Leisure Disasters. New York: Cavendish Publishing,.
Hughes, P. & Ferrett, E., 2011. Introduction to Health and Safety at Work. New Jersey: Routledge.
Jackson, S., 2009. Architecting Resilient Systems: Accident Avoidance and Survival and Recovery from Disruptions. New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons.
Karmis, M., 2004. Mine Health and Safety Management. 1 ed. colorado: SME.
Key Programme 3, 2009. Asset Integrity. Health and Safety Executive, Hazardous Installations Directorate., s.l.: s.n.
LLOYD, 2008. TWENTY YEARS ON - PIPER ALPHA’S LEGACY. [Online]
Available at: http://www.lloyds.com/News-and-Insight/News-and-Features/Archive/2008/07/Twenty_years_on_Piper_Alphas_legacy_23072008
[Accessed 25 March 2015].
Macalister, T., 2013. Piper Alpha disaster: how 167 oil rig workers died. [Online]
Available at: http://www.theguardian.com/business/2013/jul/04/piper-alpha-disaster-167-oil-rig
[Accessed 25 march 2015].
Mannan, S., 2012. Lees' Loss Prevention in the Process Industries: Hazard Identification, Assessment and Control. 4 ed. London: Butterworth-Heinemann.
Matsen, B., 2011. Death and Oil: The True Story of the Piper Alpha Disaster on the North Sea. London: Pantheon Books.
McGinty, S., 2010. Fire in the Night: The Piper Alpha Disaster. London: Pan Macmillan.
Narayan, V., 2011. Effective Maintenance Management. New Delhi: Industrial Press.
NASA, 2013. The Case for Safety The North Sea Piper Alpha Disaster. System Failure Case Studies, 7(4), pp. 1-4.
offshore-technology, 2013. Piper Alpha Platform, North Sea, United Kingdom. [Online]
Available at: http://www.offshore-technology.com/projects/piper-alpha-platform-north-sea/
[Accessed 25 March 2015].
oilrigdisasters, 2015. Piper Alpha. [Online]
Available at: http://www.oilrigdisasters.co.uk/
[Accessed 25 March 2015].
PatC-Cornell, E., 1993. Learning from the Piper Alpha Accident: A Postmortem Analysis of Technical and Organizational Factors. Risk analysis, 13(2), pp. 215-232.
Smith, G. W., 2011. Management Obligations for Health and Safety. NEw York: CRC Press,.
Sutton, I., 2011. Offshore Safety Management: Implementing a SEMS Program. 2 ed. London: William Andrew.
Waring, A. & Glendon, I., 1998. Managing Risk. New York: Cengage Learning EMEA.