1.0 IntroductionChange is inevitable, this therefore implies that change will always be ever present and requires good management practices to control it. Managing change does not only include understanding human behaviors but also required skills in management and effective change. During the changing process, there are certain stressors but how an organization is required to handle itself is what really matters. Staffs within an organization are required to come up and utilize different basic defenses when there is high degree in uncertainty. As an organization is coming up with strategies that will ensure change is put in manageable standards, it is essential to involve staff members.
Organizational changes can either be viewed as opportunities for example new and improved technology or that which is threat such like global warming or further it can be a combination of the two e. g. globalization. It depends on how effectively has an organization prepared itself and also on how management and staff are competent enough to welcome these changes (Synnot & Fitzgerald, p30). In today’s world, environment seems to produce various changes in companies faster as compared to the past.
New information and communication technology, political and legislative action, customer demand and public opinion, acquisitions, mergers and all downsizing characteristics are connected to the reason for increase uncertainty within organizations. It is evident that management never usually takes place in a self-contained environment but rather it constantly increases due to external factors and pressures. 2.0 Forces motivating change (external and internal factors)Several forces affecting an organization can either be categorized as either external or internal. External factors also known as macro environmental factors are considered to be those factors beyond an organizational control and they include; political/ legal, economic, technological, social, competition and demographics.
Whereas internal factors also known as micro environmental factors are those factors which are within an organization control. They include shareholders, employees, suppliers, distributors, employees and wholesalers. 2.1 External factors2.1.1 Political and legislative actionIncrease participation by organizations in national activities has widely be the main cause of political interference in almost all organizations (Kotter, p24). The more intense is politics signifies that organization faces chances of it being affected either financially or economically affecting any firm result.
It is essential that key parties within organization and does not involve in any kind of political interests as this may greatly damage the image of the company. Various policies are created and formulated through countries political systems, this clearly indicate that any policy formulated and implemented is more likely to affect a company either negatively or positively (Kotter, p40). 2.1.2 EconomyThe shift from industrialized to knowledge based organizations has greatly influenced change within firms. In fact, it creates challenges affecting companies’ knowledge greatly affecting every step of workplace.
Knowledge economy is associated to white collar jobs whereby technical and legal research is required in organizations, this have made many firm to change their way of arrangement so as to fit into a positive lifecycle. Currently, more organizations are hiring technical staff that have computer skills as way to suit and have the best competitive advantage.