The paper "The Role of Theories in Shaping Modern Management" is a good example of a literature review on human resources. Human Resource Management is an important part of an organization owing to the fact that it has become a prevailing methodology for people management. Perhaps, the best way to understand the importance of Human Resource Management for an organization is by first defining it. According to Schuler & MacMillan (1984), Human Resource Management can be defined as the policies, practices, and systems that can have effects on the behavior, attitude, and performance of the employees.
Human Resource Management comprises three components including; formal policies having a direct impact on the development of certain practices, specific human resource practices, and primary human resource practices specifying values of the organization’ s policies and practices (Schuler & Jackson, 1995, p. 238). The contextual understanding Human Resource management can be achieved by considering these three components and how they are influenced by some factors within and outside the organization. The shift towards technology is as a result of competition and the need to deliver quality services. Technological innovations and inclusions have resulted in the changing landscape of human resources.
Needless to say, the roles of human resource managers have been decreased by technological innovations. Technological advancements such as the internet have decreased the human resource role in maintaining records and offering self-service to employees (Greengard, 1998, p. 61). It is for this reason that the human resource of past years cannot be compared to the current human resource management. However, even though there has been an intensifying technological dependence, the role of individuals in an organization cannot be evaded.
Technology itself on the other hand is one of the challenges to managers today. It has led to unemployment due to the reduction in the roles of managers. Despite technological advancements, the role of human resource management and organizational behavior theories still come into practice in any managerial position. The most common set of theories in practice are motivational theories. Motivation is an important aspect of management. Managers apply these theories in solving the challenge of the management of human relations in organizations.
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