The paper "Taylor’ s Scientific Management vs Fayol’ s Principles of Management " is a perfect example of management coursework. F.W. Taylor is said to be “ the father of Scientific Management and Fayol is said to be the father of Principles of Management” for varying reasons. Each of these management gurus made significant contributions to the field of management that gave rise to the different fields, principles of management and scientific management. Henri Fayol is considered to be the father of principles of management for a number of reasons. Born in 1841, Fayol was of the leading management scholar of his time.
He belonged to the school of thought called Universalists. Universalists believed that management principles are applicable to all group activities. They believed that management is a process of getting things done through and with people operating in organized groups. This perception formed the groundwork for creating a perceptual framework to identify principles underlying management and build a theory from it. Therefore, Fayol and his fellow Universalists regarded management as a universal process regardless of the type of enterprise or level in a given enterprise, though they recognized that the environment differs greatly and influences management.
They viewed management theory as a way of organizing experience so that the practice can be improved through research, empirical testing principles and teaching fundamentals involved in the management process (Murugan 2007). Having started as an engineer in a French mining company in 1860, Fayol rose up the ranks to the senior management level. By 1880, he was appointed as the managing director of the same company. At his appointment, the company was on the verge of bankruptcy. His duration as the CEO of the firm saw the firm return to profitable ways his retirement in 1918.
His success with the firm inspired him to share his management tactics and experience with other scholars and aspiring managers. He thus published a number of papers and books on the subject. In one of his books, General and industrial in administration published in 1915, he provided a general analytical framework for management. This framework was cited to be universally applicable. It contained fourteen principles of management as follows ((Murugan 2007): Division of work should be divided according to specialization Authority and responsibility: the manager has the authority to give direction and demand compliance along with appropriate responsibility Discipline: respect and obedience is required of employees and the firm Unity of command: orders should be received from a single supervisor Unity of direction: similar activities should be under the direction of one leader Subordination of individual interest to general interest Remuneration of personnel: wages are to be fair and equitable to all Centralization: each organization must find the level of centralization of authority needed to maximize employee productivity Scalar chain. There is a line of authority in an organization, usually from top to bottom Order.
all necessary materials should be located in the proper place for maximum efficiency Equity: fair and equitable treatment for all employees Stability of tenure of personnel. Adequate time should be allowed for employees to adjust to new work and skills demanded Initiative. The ability to implemented and develop a plan is crucial.
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