The paper "Port Functions and Management Models" is a delightful example of a case study on management. The port of Shanghai is found in Shanghai city which is the most popular city in China. It is the second busiest seaport in the world. It is around 430 nautical miles of the Taipei port of Taiwan and about 421km southeast of the Lianyungang port. Port of shanghai comprises a river port and a deep-sea port. It is located in the vicinity of Shanghai, China. Shanghai has been the busiest port by cargo tonnage since 2005.
It is faced towards the southern and northern areas of China’ s coastal seas and other world oceans. It is linked with the River Yangtze and the inland waterways of the Yangtze water region like Anhui, Zhejiang, and Jiangsu provinces. The port of Shanghai faces Hangzhou Bay to the south and the East China Sea to the east. It is the leading port in a waterway with a T-shaped network comprising of Coastline and Yangtze River. The point where River Yangtze enters the sea is referred to as “ the Golden Waterway” .
Other rivers include Qiantang River, Yangtze River, and Huangpu River which enters into the Yangtze River. It is usually located in the middle of 18,000 km long coastline of China. This makes the port enjoy the advantage of geographical location. The port of Shanghai is the leading center of the financial and commercial sectors. The port has a stronger base in the technology and manufacturing sectors. Shanghai International Port (Group) Company, Limited (SIPG) is the public terminal sole operator in the Shanghai Port. Containers are the main leading business of Shanghai port.
The core business of Shanghai International port is a container terminal operation. Shanghai International port has three main port areas that include Waigaoiao, Wusongkou, and Yangshan. The port of Shanghai is responsible for handling cargo; de-stuffing, manufacturing, leasing, and maintaining containers. It is also responsible for transporting both international and domestic cargo through the land and water. It is also in charge of managing warehousing information, processing, distribution, and other port logistics activities. Shanghai port also provides facilities for international passengers as well as piloting and towing vessels.
It provides in-port services, forwarding freight as well as leasing port equipment. It also builds, manages, and even operates port and other terminal facilities. Every year, total exports and import trade that move through the Shanghai port comprises one-fourth of China’ s foreign trade. The port of Shanghai also has non-container terminals that support Yangtze’ s River valley economic development. There are over two thousand containers that leave the port of Shanghai carrying various types of cargo to the world’ s major markets and continents. This is located on the Huangpu River that feeds the Yangtze River and serves as a distribution center for the hinterlands of Shanghai Port.
Port of Shanghai also provides a good destination for tourists around the world. It is one of the most popular destinations of tourists around the world (Shanghai International Port (Group) CO. LTD). Types of Cargoes Handled and Trade Throughput Port of Shanghai handles foreign cargoes of equipment, pulp, iron, steel, containers, vehicles, and bulk cargoes. The main facilities materials handled by the port are the containers. In 2003, Shanghai port was the third-largest port to handle a lot of containers all over the world.
In 2005, the Shanghai port handled over 18.1 million containers. This number of containers increased to 21.7 million in 2006 and 26.2 million in 2007. This is an annual growth of 20 percent. It has strong ties with the mainland mainly through the railway system and road transport system. This assists greatly towards the transport of materials and various goods including cargoes or containers from the port to the mainland. Various types of goods leaving the mainland of China leave through the port of Shanghai.
This is mainly through connecting it with the mainland through the land and rail transportation systems that connect it with the major cities. Shanghai had over 560 expressways carrying over 327 million tons of cargo and more than 24.68 million people from the port. In 2005, Shanghai railway authorities covered 269.1km. This transported over 12.783 million tons of cargo from the port. It also transported more than 43.131 million passengers.
Harald, K. Port Management Textbook. London: Drewry House, 2005.
Shanghai International Port (Group) CO. LTD. About Port of Shanghai. 13 July 2008. 1 August 2010.
World Port Source. Port of Shanghai. 5 June 2006. 1 August. 2010.