The paper “ Construction Technology - Site Terms, Substructure Design and Basement, Superstructure and Roofs” is a comprehensive example of a finance & accounting coursework. The construction industry requires a specific understanding of specific technology that is succeeding in the completion of a building. Thus, the aim of this report is to analyze the construction of a building through understanding the site conditions, substructure, superstructures, and roofs. 2.0 Site Conditions 2.1 Soil Type & ConstraintsThe condition of the ground that a building should be constructed plays a paramount role in determining the success of the building.
Conditions range from the basic nature of the environment to codes and regulations that are set to guide the construction process. The type of soil in the site determines the approach that will be used to support the building because of its load-holding capability, drainage capabilities, and environmental impact. The nature of the site is controlled by previous activities that the ground was used for e. g. deposit site for wastes. This calls upon appropriate measures to ensure that the building would be supported. For example, sand and gravel have good drainage capabilities while clay and black soils have poor drainage capabilities.
Nevertheless, the site of construction is guided and controlled by constraints: such as statutory directives and municipality or local authority descriptions plus adjacent buildings. Building in the city center requires different conditions compared to building in a secluded region e. g. rural areas. Moreover, the construction requires services such as sewage and electricity, which have to be fulfilled before construction begins. 2.2 Temporary and False WallsGenerally, the falsework is the temporary structures that are used in building construction and are used to supported arched or spanning structures for a period that will enable the building to sufficiently support itself.
The temporary or false works include scaffolding and formwork that is used to mold concrete to give the desired shape. Figure 1 (below) shows a door spanning that is supported by falsework to support the concrete beam.
British Standards Institution, 1997, BS 8110-1:1997: Structural use of concrete: Code of Practice for design and construction, London: Office Stationery.
British Standards Institution, 2005, BSI BS 5628-3 Code of practice for the use of masonry, London: Office Stationery.
Foster, J. & Harrington, R., 2000, Structure and Fabric Part 2. 6th Ed., London: Longman.
Litchfield, M., 2005, Renovation: Completely Revised and Updated, 3rd Ed. London: Taunton Press.
Tomlinson, M., 2001, Foundation Design and Construction, 7th Ed. New York: Prentice-Hall.
Taylor, G., 2000, Materials in Construction, 3rd Ed. London: Longman Higher Education.
Wagner, J. & DeKorne, C. 2005, Barns, Sheds, and Outbuildings: Plan, Design, Build, London: Creative Homeowner.