The paper "Fire and the Evacuation Process " is a good example of a finance and accounting article. Fire catastrophes in high- rise buildings have always been a source of concern for governments around the world as they strive to find foolproof methods for safety. Research in this area is an ongoing process that contributes a great deal towards finding and implementing innovative methods to safeguard life and property. However, even with the advancement of science and technology fire incidents do occur and there continues to be loss of life in damage to property.
In this presentation, I am going to enlighten you on some of the salient features of the WTC catastrophe in addition to fire and fire- safety in general. 1. Definition of a High- rise Building The National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) 101, Life Safety Code, defines a high-rise building to be any building that is over 75 feet tall and is measured from the floor of the building to the highest occupied storey. (NFPA, Section 3.3. 25.6, 2000) 2. Salient Features of Fire Safety Fire safety is a collective term used to describe the safety of life and property during a fire catastrophe which includes – a) The framing of fire safety policies by the Government b) Legislation codes that include a proper guide for fire engineering practices c) Saving of life and property in the shortest possible time c) Proper fire exits to ensure the safety of the inmates in high- rise buildings d) Extinguishing a fire as soon as it is reported e) Limiting the spread of fire by using the latest equipment and technology f) Evacuating victims to safety at the cost of risking their own lives g) Taking the right precautionary measures and not leaving anything to chance. 3.
Few Facts about Specific High-rise Buildings a) First ever skyscraper in the World - The Home Insurance Building b) It was built by - Engineer William Le Baron c) Place – Chicago d) Year built - 1885 e) The height of the structure – 180 feet high (10 storeys) f) It was constructed as a rival to – The Tower of Babel. (Dupre, 1996, pg. 14) g) Most modern and contemporary high- rise building – The Petronas Towers h) Height of the Petronas Towers – 1483 feet (453 meters) i) Most recent highest skyscraper in the world – The Burj Dubai Building.
1. Dupre, Judith, Skyscrapers (2001) (Black Dog & Leventhal Publishers Inc. New York, First Paperback Edition.
2. NFPA 101, (2000) Chapter 3 Definitions, “Life Safety Code” Section 3- 3. 25.6, National Fire Protection Association, Quincy, MA.
3. Bryan, J. L., (2002) A Selected Historical Review of Human Behavior in Fire,
Journal of Fire Protection Engineering,16, pgs. 4–10
4. Sime, J. D. An occupant response shelter escape time(ORSET) model, Safety Science 38(2001)109–125.