Production and Operations ManagementIntroduction Rationale of starting or maintaining any business in the market involves the process of ensuring that customer’ preferences and interests are fulfilled through the process of production and management of the company (Aveline 2002). A good business must have effective and efficient strategies of ensuring that problems of customers are solved within the shortest time possible by providing quality products, and services. Production process should be directed by the management so that it adds value on available raw materials. It is considered that vibrant production must always entails application of management concepts towards meeting the targets as well as addressing concerns of customers, and or consumers (Chary 2004).
In essence a company survives in the production industry if it has a strategic and goal oriented organization structure, management team and production strategy. ProductionIn business, production is defined as a scientific process through which raw materials are transformed into desired service and products by adding an economic value into them. Production can be implemented through different modes depending with the available resources, decision made by the management, and time frames through objectives are to met by the company.
Production can be carried out through three major known approaches. First, production can be done through separation. In this category, desired output products and services are achieved by extraction from available raw materials. A good example of this form of production is where by oil is extracted and made available in different products like paraffin, petrol, and gasoline (Nahmias 2008). The second category involves production of goods and services by modifying or improving on the available raw materials. It involves changing mechanical and chemical properties of raw materials without tempering with their physical characteristics.
A good example of this type of production is whereby some materials are heated at higher thermal temperatures then cooled later to achieve different forms of the products. Annealing process has a capability of changing the molecular structures of materials and giving them different structures depending with requirements of the company, and customer preferences (Kolli 1999). Production can also be done by assembling separate parts into one structure to form a sustainable, robust, and usable product. Automobile and machinery manufacturing companies use this method to produce cars, trucks, motor bicycles, and all sorts of machineries.
Operations managementWorkability of a business or organization highly depends on the operational management structure and approaches that the management use to address their issues both within and outside the company frameworks. Operation management is an entity of an organization that is essential in designing, overseeing, and controlling the overall process of production. This entity is also of great importance in redesigning cultural business operations in order to produce goods, and services that meets interests, and preferences of customers (Panneerselvam 2005).
Combination of operations management concepts in an organization ensures that few available resources are used to produce quality products that meet customer requirements. Effective operations management serves as a key drive of a company because; it ensures that available labor, materials, and energy are utilized in production of products, and services (Starr 2008). Operations management team has a task of controlling and directing all technical and physical functions of an organization especially those that are concerned with manufacturing or production of products.
Generally, operations management involves directing production, manufacturing processes, development processes, directing functions of plant management, managing equipments, maintaining the management, controlling production processes, co-coordinating production networks, and supervising human resource.